Impact of Smoking on the US
1-Tobacco is a green, leafy plant that is grown in warm climates. After it is picked, it is dried, ground up, and used in different ways. It can be smoked in a cigarette, pipe, or cigar. It can be chewed (called smokeless tobacco or chewing tobacco) or sniffed through the nose (called snuff). (http://healthliteracy.worlded.org/docs/tobacco/Unit1/1what_is.html)
2-More than 7,000 different chemicals have been found in tobacco and tobacco smoke. (http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/cigarettesmoking/cigarette-smoking-tobacco)
3-Each day, more than 3,800 persons younger than 18 years of age smoke their first cigarette. Each day, about 1,000 persons younger than 18 years of age begin smoking on a daily basis. (http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fast_facts/)
4-Carcinogen- A cancer-causing substance or agent.
Percentage of U.S. adults who were current smokers in 2010:9
• 19.3% of all adults (45.3 million people)
• 31.4% non-Hispanic American Indian/Alaska Native
• 25.9% non-Hispanic multiple race
• 21.0% non-Hispanic white
• 20.6% non-Hispanic black
• 12.5% Hispanic
• 9.2% non-Hispanic Asian
Effects of Smoking
- · vision problems
- · Gum disease
- · tooth loss
- · hearing loss
- · heart disease
- · stroke
- · increased risk for cancers
- · worse overall health
- · production of phlegm
- · frequent respiratory system infections
3- The risk of developing lung cancer is about 23 times higher among men who smoke cigarettes and about 13 times higher among women who smoke cigarettes compared with never smokers. (http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/health_effects/cancer/index.htm)
Smoking causes coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in the United States. Cigarette smokers are 2–4 times more likely to develop coronary heart disease than nonsmokers. (http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/health_effects/heart_disease/index.htm)
Cigarette smoking is associated with a tenfold increase in the risk of dying from chronic obstructive lung disease. (http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/health_effects/respiratory/index.htm)
4- COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary (PULL-mun-ary) disease, is a progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe. "Progressive" means the disease gets worse over time. In emphysema, the walls between many of the air sacs are damaged. As a result, the air sacs lose their shape and become floppy. This damage also can destroy the walls of the air sacs, leading to fewer and larger air sacs instead of many tiny ones. If this happens, the amount of gas exchange in the lungs is reduced. In chronic bronchitis, the lining of the airways is constantly irritated and inflamed. This causes the lining to thicken. Lots of thick mucus forms in the airways, making it hard to breathe.
(http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/copd/) Secondhand smoke comes from both the smoke that smokers exhale (called mainstream smoke) and the smoke floating from the end of the cigarette, cigar, or pipe (called sidestream smoke).
1-Secondhand smoke comes from both the smoke that smokers exhale (called mainstream smoke) and the smoke floating from the end of the cigarette, cigar, or pipe (called sidestream smoke). (http://kidshealth.org/teen/drug_alcohol/tobacco/secondhand_smoke.html)
2- Sidestream smoke (smoke that comes from the end of a lighted cigarette, pipe, or cigar) and mainstream smoke (smoke that is exhaled by a smoker) (http://www.lung.org/associations/states/colorado/tobacco/secondhand-smoke.html)
3-SHS kills children and adults who don’t smoke.
4- SHS causes disease in children and in adults who don’t smoke.
Exposure to SHS while pregnant increases the chance that a woman will have a spontaneous abortion, stillborn birth, low birth-weight baby, and other pregnancy and delivery problems.
Babies and children exposed to SHS are at an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), acute respiratory infections, ear infections, and more severe and frequent asthma attacks.
Smoking by parents can cause wheezing, coughing, bronchitis, and pneumonia, and slow lung growth in their children. (http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/tobaccocancer/secondhand-smoke)
1- Nicotine is a highly addictive stimulant found in tobacco that is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream when smoked. (http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/talk/drugs_nicotine.html)
2-Nicotine affects the skeletal muscles by decreasing muscle tone, which releases tension.
High doses of nicotine have deleterious effects on the body, including nausea, vomiting, paralysis, respiratory depression, coma and severe cardiovascular impairment
3- Nicotine withdrawal occurs when you suddenly stop smoking or using tobacco after using it for a long time. It can also occur if you cut back on the number of cigarettes or amount of tobacco products you use. Nicotine withdrawal creates anxiety, irritability, headache, hunger, and a craving for cigarettes or other sources of nicotine. These symptoms peak 12 to 24 hours after quitting and then slowly go away. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001949/)
4- Percentage of smokers who want to quit altogether: 70% (http://www.statisticbrain.com/quitting-smoking-statistics/)