Classical Civilization: China

China emerged with an unusually well-integrated system in which government, philosophy, economic incentives, the family, and the individual were intended to blend into a harmonious whole.

Establishment of Political Order

- Zhou downfall caused internal conflict, isolation limited learning.

Patterns in Classical China

- Dynasties emerged, politics and culture developed, internal rebellion lead to downfall.

Zhou Dynasty

- Relied on alliances, had weak gov.

Developed settlements near the Yellow and Yangzi River
Downfall led to Era of Warring States

Qin Dynasty

- Realized Internal conflict led to downfall of Zhou Dynasty

- Expanded South, standardized currency, taxes, brutality lead to downfall.

Han Dynasty

- expanded and traded within Mediterranean. Enforced peace and supported Confucianism.

Political Institutions

- Bureaucrats well educated,lower and upper classes recruited,strict rule.

Religion and Culture

- Govt. used religion to maintain order

- Believed in harmonious living and respecting authority from Confucian analects and Daoism.

Economy and Society

- Wealth and social status was passed down, education valued most in society, advances in agricultural technology.

Comment Stream

2 years ago
0

Zhou relied on alliances, had weak gov.
Developed settlements near the Yellow and Yangzi River
Downfall led to Era of Warring States

2 years ago
0

Qin had one ruler, Shi Huangdi realized problem was within internal disorder
Organized China in provinces ruled by selected people
Responisible for innovations in politics, culture, and warfare (strong army)

2 years ago
0

Han Dynasty was similar to Qin but less brutal
• Expanded and allowed trade around Mediterranean
Han Ruler, Wu ti enforced peace (had more territory and larger population)
• Supported Confucianism (Confucian philosophy)
• After 2 centuries central control weakened and nomads called Huns started invading

2 years ago
0

Han expanded and traded within Mediterranean
Enforced peace and supported Confucisum