Rory Fitzmorris RB3
1. Feudalism is when the the nobles in the society hold land from the emperor or people in the lower classes in exchange for military service or loyalty.
2. What lead to the rise of feudalism in Japan, were powerful landowners that were taking power from the central government and battling among themselves for it. They built armies of samurai. As the central government lost more and more power lawlessness increased. Many people wanted protection so they swore their loyalty or military service to these landowners or "diamyo".
3. The Bonsai/Zen Gardens were designed to help people. They also highlighted the natural beauty of flowers. Haiku was a type of poetry that Japan invented, written in lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables. Noh, was the retelling of legends and folktales. They were preformed for the upper classes as well as the commoners.
4. The social structure in Feudal Japan was different than the European one, where the poor and the peasants were at the bottom. They wanted to emphasize that the productive people in the society were more important than those who were not. There was a four-tiered social class system in Feudal Japan. The highest class was the Samurai class. Although the samurai warriors and the daimyo lords made up 10% of Japans population they still wielded a lot of power. The second class were the farmers and peasants. These people were put in the second class, above artisans and merchants, because they made the food that all of the other classes depended on. The third class were the artisans. Although the made beautiful works of art and some necessary supplies, they were ranked under farmers and peasants. The lowest rank in the class system of Feudal Japan were the merchants. They were known as "parasites" because they made money off of things that productive farmers, peasants, and artisans made. There were also people above the classes like the emperor, the shogun, and the diamyos. There are also people below it like criminals and prostitutes.