The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.
This amendment was proposed by congress, after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 1793 that two South Carolina men could sue and collect debts from the State of Georgia, to make sure that states are protected by sovereign immunity, or certain types of legal liability. The amendment was approved on March 4, 1794 by congress, and ratified on February 7, 1795. At first the amendment didn't stop cases against states when federal law was an issue, and it also didn't stop cases that were brought against a certain state by citizens of that state. Today this flaw has been cleaned up and the Supreme Court ruled that, unless they specifically agree to be sued, the states are immune from all lawsuits in a federal court from citizens living in the United States or any foreign country.
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