Genetics: how does it work?
By Roni Rountree
1. G is dominant and g is recessive.
2. Three green flowers and one yellow flower.
5. Lack of genetic recombination
6. A change or the process of change by which an organism or species becomes better suited to its environment.
7. The gradual development of something, especially from a simple to a more complex form.
8. A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding. The species is the principal natural taxonomic unit, ranking below a genus and denoted by a Latin binomial, e.g., Homo sapiens.
9. A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.
10. Of or relating to origin; arising from a common origin.
11. The production of new living organisms by combining genetic information from two individuals of different types (sexes). In most higher organisms, one sex (male) produces a small motile gamete that travels to fuse with a larger stationary gamete produced by the other (female).
12. Asexual reproduction is a mode of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that parent only; it is reproduction which almost never involves ploidy or reduction.