Genetics:  how does it work?
By Roni Rountree

1.  G is dominant and g is recessive.

2.  Three green flowers and one yellow flower.

3.  Two

4.  Two

5.  Lack of genetic recombination

6.  A change or the process of change by which an organism or species becomes better suited to its environment.

7.  The gradual development of something, especially from a simple to a more complex form.

8.  A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding. The species is the principal natural taxonomic unit, ranking below a genus and denoted by a Latin binomial, e.g., Homo sapiens.

9.  A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.

10.  Of or relating to origin; arising from a common origin.

11.  The production of new living organisms by combining genetic information from two individuals of different types (sexes). In most higher organisms, one sex (male) produces a small motile gamete that travels to fuse with a larger stationary gamete produced by the other (female).

12.  Asexual reproduction is a mode of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that parent only; it is reproduction which almost never involves ploidy or reduction.