The Battle of Bunker Hill
June 17, 1775
Originally known as The Battle of Breeds Hill
“Don’t fire ’til you see the whites of their eyes.”
Where was this battle fought?
The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought on the Charlestown Peninsula on the north side of the Boston Harbor.
The American troops where ordered to go to Bunker Hill and entrench themselves so they could overlook Boston, but they misheard the orders and went to Breeds Hill by mistake and entrenched themselves there, closer to the British. The next morning, General Howe was surprised to see the American troops, he then made the mistake by sending his troops uphill to the Americans thinking that they would retreat. 28 ships with British soldiers came and fired at the Americans as they crossed the Charles River and came up the hill. The Americans waited till the British were near them before the shot. Many British troops were killed and the rest retreated. They rushed up the hill again and once again retreated, but by the third time they went up the Americans were low on gun powder so they began fighting hand-to-hand. Soon enough the British took the hill and won the battle.
Unique events that happened
The British had the most casualties of any battle during the American Revolution. (1,150 killed and wounded.)
The wall the Americans built around Breeds Gill was about 6 feet high.
American General Joseph Warren was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Significance of this battle
The significance was that the Americans almost won the battle. After the battle it was a confidence boost, because they knew that they could have a shot at winning the war.