Enforex English C1 Level

London skyline watercolour

2nd October 2014

Hi everyone,

Welcome to our page for C1 English! I really hope this page will be helpful for us. I encourage you to get involved as much as possible by commenting, asking questions and sending in anything you think the rest of the class may find useful.

It was lovely to meet you all today. I'll be uploading resources from today's class below.

See you all on Tuesday, have a lovely weekend!

Emily

2nd October 2012

Here's the "Ice Breaker" Prezi I used today.

P.S. Don't forget the chat-up line (requiebro) that I told you today:

A: Hey, do you know how much a polar bear weighs?

B: Um, no.

A: Neither do I, but it should be enough to break the ice ;)

Adjective + Preposition

Adjectives are used in simple sentences to describe people and objects. For example, She is an interesting speaker. More complex sentences use adjectives + prepositions to make statements about a person's attitude towards something. For example, She is excited about the concert tonight. Here is a list of the most common adjective + preposition combinations to express people's feelings.

ABOUT

Use the following adjectives followed by 'about'. Each group of adjectives has the same or related meanings. Use the verb 'to be' with these expressions.

angry / annoyed / furious about something

Example: I'm really angry about our losses on the stock market!

excited about something

Example: He's excited about his birthday party next week.

worried / upset about something

Example: He's worried about his upcoming examinations.

sorry about something

Example: I'm very sorry about losing your book.

AT

Use the following adjectives followed by 'at'. Each group of adjectives has the same or related meanings. Use the verb 'to be' with these expressions.

good / excellent / brilliant at something OR at doing something

Example: They are excellent at planning fun parties.

bad / hopeless at something OR at doing something

Example: Unfortunately, I'm hopeless at being on time.

AT / BY

Use the following adjectives followed by 'at' or 'by'. Each group of adjectives have the same or related meanings. Use the verb 'to be' with these expressions.

amazed / astonished / shocked / surprised at OR by something

Example: I was amazed at his stamina.

FOR

Use the following adjectives followed by 'for'. Each group of adjectives has the same or related meanings. Use the verb 'to be' with these expressions.

angry with someone for something

Example: I'm really angry with John for his total lack of responsibility.

famous for something

Example: She's famous for her watercolor paintings.

responsible for something

Example: You'll have to speak to John, he's responsible for customer complaints.

sorry for doing something

Example: He says he's sorry for shouting at you.

(to feel or be) sorry for someone

Example: I really feel sorry for Pam.

FROM

Use the following adjectives followed by 'from'.

different from someone / something

Example: His photographs are very different from his paintings.

PRACTICE HERE:

I Wish I Had: Expressing Wishes

1. I Wish I Had - Present Wishes

The phrase I wish I had... is used to imagine a present situation. Here are some common phrases with I wish I had...

Examples

I wish I had more money.
I wish I had more free time.
I wish I had more friends.
I wish I had a better car.

In the phrase, I wish I had... 'had' is the past simple form of the verb 'to have'. You can certainly use other verbs with 'I wish...'.

Examples

I wish I spoke Russian.
I wish I played the guitar.
I wish I drove a Mercedes.
I wish I lived in Seattle.

The use of the I wish I had... is very similar to the second conditional because it expresses a situation which is contrary to fact. Look at these sentences comparing the two forms:

Examples

I wish I had a bigger house. = If I had more money, I would have a bigger house.
I wish I knew more people in this town. = If I smiled more, I would meet more people.
I wish I had a driver's license. = If I were 16, I would have a driver's license.


  • Grammar Review for ‘I wish I had’

First Subject + Wish(es) + Second Subject + Past Simple

'Wish' + the past simple is used to expresses wishes about the present. Remember to use standard present simple conjugation with 'es' for he, she and it and 'do / does', as well as the negative 'don't / doesn't' followed by a statement in the past tense.

Examples

She wishes she had more free time.
Do you wish you had more friends?
Does he wish he lived in Chicago?
They don't wish they were bankers.
Jennifer doesn't wish she went to school.


2. I Wish I Had Had - Past Wishes

It's also common to speak about past wishes with the phrase I wish I had had (done, gone, played, etc.). Here are some common phrases with I wish I had had...

Examples

I wish I had had more free time on my business trip last week.
I wish I had stayed in Florence longer.
I wish I had bought that house.
I wish I had invited Tim to the party.

Like the phrase I wish I had... is similar to a conditional form, but this time the past conditional (conditional three). The use of the I wish I had done... expresses a situation which is contrary to what actually happened in the past. Look at these sentences comparing the two forms:

Examples

I wish I had known his name. = If I had known his name, I would have said hello.
I wish I had bough Sarah a present. = If I bought Sarah a present, I wouldn't have been embarrassed.
I wish I had thought of that idea! = If I had thought of that idea, I would be rich!


  • Grammar Review for ‘I wish I had had’

First Subject + Wish(es) + Second Subject + Past Perfect

Notice that the first part of the sentence is conjugated in the present because a person now wishes that something different had happened in the past. As with the present form, remember to use standard present simple conjugation with 'es' for he, she and it and 'do / does', as well as the negative 'don't / doesn't' followed by a statement in the past tense. 'don't / doesn't' followed by a statement in the past tense.

Examples

Jane wishes she had gone to that restaurant in New York.
Does she wish she had spent more time with her son?
They don't wish they had gone to the play.
Jennifer doesn't wish she had bought a present for Tommy.

Links to online resources

Here are the links to some of the resources I told you about, plus some extra ones - please feel free to leave a comment with some of your own! :)

Dictionaries

WordReference:

Linguee (words and phrases in context):

Reverso (good for collocations and expressions):

Pronunciation

Howjsay: Talking Dictionary

Grammar

The core and quirks of English grammar

British Council

Lots of free activities!

Vocabulary

Make your own dictionary or vocabulary list online with Word Dynamo:

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