Energy Policy Act of 1992

  • signed by President George H. W. Bush
  • provide energy policy that will increase U.S. energy security in cost-effective and environmentally beneficial ways
  • consisted of 30 titles that amended the National Energy Conservation Policy Act of 1978 by:
  1. establishing energy management goal
  2. providing subsides & tax for electric vehicles
  3. directing a decrease in federal building energy consumption
  4. deregulating imported natural gas
  5. commissioning studies of unconventional oil sources (tar& shale oil)
  • introduced production of tax credits


  1. lessen U.S. dependence on imported oil
  2. provide incentives for renewable energy
  3. promote energy efficiency and conservation

Other Important Facts

  • amended the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA)
  • Before 1992, companies that owned,controlled or held 10% or more of public utility were subject to PUHCA's restrictions and were required to simplify by either:
  1. limiting operations to a single state (subject to state regulations)
  2. divesting their interests to form an integrated public utility system
  • EPAct of 1922 amended PUHCA by creating a new category of power generators called exempt from wholesale generators (EWGs)
  • EWGs could generate and sell electricity at wholesale without being regulated as utilities under PUHCA
  • Goal of EWGs= increase competition in the electricity generation sector
  • non-regulated electricity producers could enter the wholesale market and sell power at market prices= the end of regulated monopolies for electric power generations

The Energy Policy Act of 2005

  • George W. Bush signed the bill on August 8, 2005
  • calls for increase in amount of biofuels that must be mixed with gas (cakked tge Renewable Fuel standard aka RFS)

What it does:

  • authorizes subsides for wind and alternative energy producers
  • adds wave and and tidal power as a renewable technologies
  • sets federal reliability standards for the electricity grind
  • increase support for nuclear energy
  • authorizes an annual $50 billion fir biomass research and development
  • Additional Information:

    • amended PURPA by repealing the mandate that utilities operating in competitive markets purchase QF power- means that renewable generations would be unable to secure affordable financing in competitive markets without a long term contract
    • repealed PUHCA (initially enacted to regulate and prevent unfair practices by electricity and gas holding companies)
    • exempted hydraulic fracturing aka fracking fluids used in natural gas extraction from disclosure requirements under the Clean Air Act, SDWA and the CERCLA
    • created a loophole for natural gas producers such that they no longer had to reveal the type of chemicals they used in the hyraulic fracturing process


    • congress unable to push forward any progress that would strengthen fuel economy standards
    • a loophole was extended that gave automakers credit for manufacturing vehicles that could run on alternative fuels, but didn't have to.

    The Energy Independence And Security Act of 2007 (EISA)

    • signed December 2007
    • marked the first increase in CAFE standard in vehicles since 1975
    • boosted fleet requirements to 35 mpg by 2020
    • modified the Renewable Fuel Standard which forced taxpayers to fund the increased production of biofuels and included a variety of new standards to promote energy efficiency in residential and commercial appliance equipment

    Comment Stream