Tobacco

Impact of Smoking on the United States

Tobacco Basics

Tobacco- nicotine-rich leaves of an American plant that is dried up and grounded to be formed into a cigarette, pipe, or cigar

Chemicals in a cigarette

http://www.stop-smoking-programs.org/chemicals-in-cigarettes.html

How many people Smoke?

Tobacco is responsible for 1 in 5 deaths every year

Nearly 443,000 deaths per year

Smokers die 13 to 14 years earlier than non-smokers

http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fast_facts/

Carcinogens

Definition: A substance that can cause cancer in living tissue

60 chemicals of Carcinogens in Smoke

http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Tobacco/cessation

Effects of Smoking

5 Effects of Smoking on the Body - Cancer, emphysema, heart disease, shortens life expectancy, hurt physical activity such as running.

Heart Disease/ Stroke

Cancer-Causes coronary Heart Disease
Doubles a person's risk for stroke

Causes reduced circulation by narrowing the blood vessels

Cancer: is 23 times higher for men and 13 times higher for women compared to nonsmokers

Chronic Bronchitis: a form of lung disease in which a person coughs up phlegm for several months every year. It is associated with cigarette abuse.

Emphysema: A condition in which the air in the lungs are damaged, causing breathlessness

2nd Hand Smoke

Sidestream/Mainstream Smoke

Second Hand Smoke - Smoke that comes from people that smoke and floating smoke from cigarettes

Children: Causes Ear Infections, Respiratory Infections, more frequent asthma attacks

http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/general_facts/index.htm#children

Statistics: An estimated 46,000 deaths from heart disease in people who are current non-smokers  

About 3,400 lung cancer deaths in non-smoking adults

Worse asthma and asthma-related problems in up to 1 million asthmatic children

Between 150,000 and 300,000 lower respiratory tract infections in children with 7,500 to 15,000 hospitalizations each year

Addictive Potential

Chemical: Nicotine - a highly addictive stimulant in tobacco which quickly absorbed into the bloodstream

Decreases heart rate, decreased appetite, decreases "Tension" - High doses could cause nausea, respiratory depression, coma, etc.

http://www.livestrong.com/article/219099-what-are-the-physical-effects-of-using-nicotine/

3 Symptoms of Nicotine withdrawal: Fatigue, sore gums, dry mouth, cough, headache

http://quitsmoking.about.com/cs/cravingsandurges/a/withdrawal.htm

70% of smokers want to quit smoking- http://www.statisticbrain.com/quitting-smoking-statistics/

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