THE TUNDRA BIOME

The Tundra is located all over the world. Located in Alaska, Northern Canada, edges of Greenland, Northern Scandinavia, northern Siberia, and Russia.

the Characteristics

  1. Extremely cold climate
  2. Low biotic diversity
  3. Simple vegetation structure
  4. Limitation of drainage
  5. Short season of growth and reproduction
  6. Energy and nutrients in the form of dead organic material
  7. Large population oscillations

Food Chains and Food Webs

Tundra Animals

Mammals - Arctic foxes, Arctic hares, lemmings, caribou, ermine, musk oxen, porcupines, polar bears, Arctic shrews, arctic squirrels, voles, wolves, and weasels.

Birds arctic loons, snowy owls, falcons, ravens, snow birds, snow buntings, snow geese, sandpipers, tundra swans, arctic terns, and many species of gulls.

Fish cod, trout, flatfish, and salmon.

The Tundra is split up into to parts the Arctic Tundra and the Alpine. The alpine is located in the mountains.

The Arctic Tundra is located in the northern hemisphere encircling the north pole, stretching down to the taiga.