of our country
Capital city: Athens
Population: about 10.787.690 million people
Age and life expectancy: 76 years for men, and 81 years for women
People in Greece enjoy going to the beach on their spare time.
Sports that people in Greece like to do are golfing, hiking, scuba diving, kite boarding, wind surfing, and kayaking.
The Greek Government
- Type of Government: Parliamentary Republic
- The head of the Greek government is the prime minister.
- The head of state is the president.
- The president is elected by the unicameral Hellenic Parliament and can only serve two five-year terms.
- The Hellenic Parliament is made up of 300 deputies that can only serve for four years and are elected by the people.
- Greece joined the European Union on January 1, 1981.
The Greek Economy
- Greece adopted the euro currency in 2001.
- The Greek capitalist economy has a GDP of 40% from the public sector. Two-thirds of that is the GDP per capita, or $25,331.
- The unemployment rate as of 2013 is 27.9%.
- In comparison to the world, the unemployment rate is 24.3%.
- The Greek import about $50 billion of imports and $30 billion of exports.
- The Greek import fuels, chemicals, machinery, and transport equipments.
- The Greek export food, clothes, petroleum products, and chemicals.
- Greece's major trade partners are Germany and Italy.
- Every year on March 25, Greeks celebrate their independence from the Ottoman empire.
- Easter is the biggest holiday in Greece, followed by the Feast of Dormition (Assumption) of the Virgin in August.
- The traditional clothing in Greece for women are dresses that cover the shoulders.
- Greeks have healthy traditional diets. These diets consist of vegetables, fruits, olives, olive oil, cheese, bread, and seafood, and meat on special occasions.
- Greek music dates back to the ancient Greek times. There are two types of music found in Greece: Byzantine music and traditional Greek music.
- Nikos Skalkottas, Manos Hadjidakis, and Mikis Theodorakis are internationally well-known Greek composers. Constantine Cavafy, George Seferis, and Odysseus Elytis are famous Greek poets.
- The major spoken language in Greece is modern Greek, which is separated into two forms: Demotic and Katharevusa, which appears in government documents. Minor spoken languages are Turkish, Macedonian, Albanian, Aromanian, Bulgarian, and Romany.
- 98% of Greeks practice the Greek Orthodox Church. The rest of the population are Muslims.
- The Orthodox Church follows many of the same principals and beliefs as the Roman Catholic Church, but not the authority of the Pope.
When was Greece created?
The United States recognized the independence of Greece with its decision on November 7, 1821.
What was Greece before it became an independent country?
Greece was home of the Balkans to 270,000 BC. They where located in the Petrolona Cave in the northern Greek province of Macedonia.
- Greece has a mild temperate climate but it is cooler than other Mediterranean countries like Italy. Greece has hot and dry summers but cool to mild winters with occasional rain.
- The natural vegetation of Greece is Grassland and Rainforest. Greece has a lot of plant life.
- The regions of Greece are: Crete, Attica, Cyclades, Dodecanese, Epirus, Evia, Macedonia, Peloponnese, Sporades, Sterea, Hellas, Thessaly, and Thrace.
- Landforms: Peloponnese, Crete, and Aegean islands.
- Bodies of water: Mediterranean sea, Ionian sea, and Aegean sea.
- Major cities: Athens, Peloponnese, Cyclades, and Crete.
- Geographic Landmarks: Peloponnese Mountains, Temple of Olympian Zeus, Hadrian's Arch, the Ramnous Archaeological Site, and the Hellenic Parliament building.
- How is land used? Land is used for farming since the vegetation is high and there is a humid climate with lots of rain.
- Where do most people live? The majority of Greeks live in Athens.
What roles do family members have? Men were considered the providers for the household. They worked during the day as businessmen and farmers. Women were in charge of running the household and managing the slaves. Young women were taught how to do the household duties like their mothers. Young boys were sent to school at
the age of 6 to get an education, and at 16 they began to train for future jobs.
- Country Information: Greece." Greece Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2014
- "Greece." Britannica School. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
- "Greece." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, 2014. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
- "Greece - Countries - Office of the Historian." Greece - Countries - Office of the Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
- "Full Text of "A Short History of Greece"" Full Text of "A Short History of Greece" N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
- "Climate of Greece." About. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
- "Weather in Greece." Climate and Weather -. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
- "Greece Pictures."National Geographic Travel." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.