The Bill of Rights
The 1st amendment gives the right to freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and the freedom of press, and also the right to peacefully assemble.
A well regulated militia, being the best security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.
No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
The Fifth Amendment imposes restrictions on the government's prosecution of persons accused of crimes. It prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy and mandates due process of law.
The Sixth Amendment guarantees the rights of criminal defendants, including the right to a public trial without unnecessary delay, the right to a lawyer, the right to an impartial jury, and the right to know who your accusers are and the nature of the charges and evidence against you.
This amendment codifies the right to a jury trial in certain civil cases, and inhibits courts from overturning a jury's findings of fact.
This amendment prohibits the federal government from imposing excessive bail, excessive fines or cruel and unusual punishments, including torture.
This amendment addresses rights, retained by the people, that are not specifically enumerated in the Constitution.
This amendment defines the balance of power between the federal government and the states. This amendment says that the federal government has only those powers specifically granted by the Constitution.