Gracie Seybold, Megan Chun, Julia Greben, Alyssa Chodnicki

Opportunity: from Reconstruction to the 1920s

(noun) a set of circumstances that makes it possible to do something

Reconstruction :

- 13th amendment - abolished slavery which gave equal opportunity to people being forced to be slaves

- 14th amendment- gave former enslaved people citizenship which alowed them to have a chance to get a job and make money

- 15th amendment- gave black men the right to vote which presents them with an opportunity to be involoved and have a say in politics

Manifest Destiny:

- Transcontinental Railroad - first railroad from coast to coast that allowed people the opportunity to make money and support their family

- Homestead Act - gave 160 acres of land to any settler who would farm the land for 5 years; citizens were able to make money and have a steady job for 5 years

- 49ers (during the gold rush) - people moved to California with the hopes of finding gold and becoming rich


- Mass Production - machinery that turned out large numbers of products quickly and   inexpensively - made companies very rich
- Socialism - advocates the ownership of the means of production by the people rather than by capitalists and landowners
- Knights of Labor - resulted in 8 hr work days and equal pay for men and women
- Horizontal Integration - a system of consolidating many firms in the same business to lower production costs - companies could work together to make products more profitable for producers and consumers

Progressive Era:

- NAWSA (National American Woman Suffrage Association) founded in 1809 - helped women win the right to vote, giving them an equal chance in deciding on government officials

- NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) allowed colored people the same opportunity as white people


- Collective security - agreements between countries for mutual defense and discourage aggression - countries were able to work together and if needed be stop another country from attacking alliances
- Dollar Diplomacy - protected US trade and investment in Latin America and Asia - risk investors were now safe from losing their money and can further expand their investments
- Imperialism - A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically. - Extends rule over foreign nations and enables the power over everything in that country
- Platt Amendment - 1903 Provisions in the Cuban constitution - allowing the United States to intervene in Cuban affairs and to buy or lease land for naval bases in order to dictate the trade affairs in the Caribbean

World War I

- Four-Minute Men - 75,000 men who gave 4 minute speeches in front of thousands of people on why America should support the war - gave 75,000 men the opportunity to travel the country and have a steady job while the war was still going on

- Great Migration - the mass movement of millions of African Americans from the rural South to cities in the North and Midwest in order to take jobs in industry beginning during World War I

- Selective Service Act - law passed by Congress in 1917 to create a national draft which grew our army and gave our country the opportunity to win the war

1920s Social Changes

- Installment Buying - buying on credit by making an initial down payment and then paying the balance over time - allows the opportunity of not having to pay the full price up front

- Roaring Twenties - nickname given to the 1920s because of the decade's prosperity, technological advances, and cultural boom which gave the people of the time a chance to look at life from a new perspective

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