Star Spangled Banner

The Star Spangled Banner was a poem before a song. A long time ago it was not called the Star Spangle Banner it was called,"Defense of Fort M’Henry.” The poem was set to the tune of a popular British song written by John Stafford Smith. The poem was written in 1814 by the 35-year-old lawyer and amateur poet Francis Scott Key after witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry by British ships of the Royal Navy in Baltimore Harbor during the Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812.The Star-Spangled Banner" was recognized for official use by the U.S. Navy in 1889, and by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, in 1916, and was made the national anthem by a congressional resolution on March 3, 1931 which was signed by President Herbert Hoover.The museum also has an online exhibition about the flag. The 1793 home of Mary Pickers gill and the site where she made the 30' x 42' Star-Spangled Banner that flew over Fort McHenry.

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