Cuba

The Wonders and Culture of Cuba

  • RELIGION

The most common religion in Cuba is Roman Catholicism. The Roman Catholic Church estimates 65% of the population is Catholic. Except only 5% of the 60%  attends mass regularly. While independent sources estimate that as few 1.5% of the population does so. Membership in Protestant churches is estimated to be 5% and includes Baptists, Pentecostals, Seventh-day Adventists, Presbyterians, Anglicans, Episcopalians, Methodists, Quakers, and Lutherans. Other groups include the Greek Orthodox Church, the Russian Orthodox Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, Muslims, Buddhist, Jews, Baha'i s, and Mormons.

  • Economy

The economy of Cuba is a large centrally planned economy dominated by state-run enterprises overseen by the Cuban government, though there remains significant foreign investment and personal enterprise in Cuba.Most of the means of production are owned and run by the government, and most of the labor force is employed by the state, although in recent years, the formation of cooperatives and self-employment has been encouraged by the Communist Party. Capital investment is restricted and requires approval by the government. The Cuban government sets most prices and rations goods to citizens.In the 1950s, Cuba had a vibrant but extremely unequal economy, with large capital outflows to foreign investors.Cubans receive low housing and transportation costs, free education, and health care and food subsidies.

  • Education

Education in Cuba has been a highly ranked system for many years. The University of Havana was founded in 1727 and there are a number of other well-established colleges and universities. Following the 1959 revolution, the Castro government nationalized all educational institutions, and created a system operated entirely by the government. Strong ideological content is present, with the constitution stating that educational and cultural policy is based on Marxistideology.

  • Food

Cuban cuisine is a fusion of Native American Taino food, Spanish, African, and Caribbean cuisines. Some Cuban recipes share spices and techniques with Spanish and African cooking, with some Caribbean influence in spice and flavor. This results in a unique, interesting and flavorful blend of the several different cultural influences, with strong similarities with the cuisine of the neighboring Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. A small but noteworthy Chinese influence can also be accounted for, mainly in the Havana area. During colonial times, Cuba was an important port for trade, and many Spaniards who lived there brought their culinary traditions along with them.As a result of the colonization of Cuba by Spain, one of the main influences on the cuisine is from Spain.   

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