The Roman Forum
The center of Roman culture
The Roman Forum was one of the most prominent features of Roman culture. It was a central meeting place for the people of Rome to do everything they needed to. This common building represents well the time it was built because it was first unveiled in early 500 BC just as the Roman Republic was beginning. This building showed the people that their government cared about them. The Roman Forum demonstrates Rome because as time went on and the government became stronger and wealthier, this was shown in the additions to the Forum.
The Roman Forum was originally built as a place for business, meetings, and assemblies, but eventually became a location of worship, shopping, and entertainment. It was rebuilt and made larger and more elaborate by many leaders including Julius Caesar, Augustus, Domitian, and Diocletian. It was located right in the center of Rome, and was crossed by the Via Sacra, which became famous through it's use during the Roman Triumph.
The Forum's layout physically resembled a modern-day shopping mall because it was many buildings connected to each other within walking distance. It was made firstly of Opus Caementum and limestone, then marble was added as emperors added to it and Roman architecture became more sophisticated.
There were many fora built in the history of Rome but this specific Forum is so much more important because it was home to the Curia, or the Senate House. This was where all major politics were handled in the city of Rome.
One of the first buildings added to the forum after its' original construction was the forum of Julius Caesar.
This Forum was a symbol to the people of Rome that they were finally important to their leaders which was the idea of the new Republic that was being formed. Although most of the forum is now rubble, one of the buildings was preserved and is used as a present-day church called the Santi Luca e Martina.
This forum was also special because it included some of the famous Arches and Temples known in Roman history, such as the Arch of Titus and the Temple of Venus.