Cardiovascular surgeons operate on your heart and blood vessels to repair damage caused by diseases or disorders of the cardiovascular system.
They perform many different types of operations, including heart valve repair and replacement, heart defect repair, coronary artery bypass, aneurysm repair, transmyocardial laser revascularization, and heart transplantation. They also perform operations on the blood vessels in your body, including the aorta—the body’s main blood supplier.
Fine Motor Skills
Heart surgeons must have excellent fine motor skills, as the intricate anatomy of the chest cavity makes precision an absolute must. Fine motor skills refers to the coordination of small muscles. These muscles, usually in the hands, control a variety of actions. When surgeons grasp scalpels and other surgical instruments, they must be able to maintain control of each instrument at all times. If a surgeon loses her grip on an instrument, the instrument can damage the patient's heart muscle or blood vessels. Fine motor skills are also necessary for tying suture knots, threading thin catheters through the veins and arteries, inserting pacemakers and operating the controls used during minimally invasive surgical procedures.
A heart surgeon must be able to identify and quickly respond to medical emergencies. Some of the complications that can occur during heart surgery include blood clots, bleeding, stroke, excessive blood loss and abnormal heart rhythm. Cardiac surgeons may have to perform resuscitation procedures; administer medications to restore normal heart rhythm; suture wounds to stop blood loss; perform internal cardiac massage; or apply clamps to damaged blood vessels. When managing these crises, heart surgeons must remain calm and use their reasoning skills to select the most appropriate intervention for each patient. They also use their problem-solving and decision-making skills when handling emergencies.
Heart surgeons use their diagnostic skills to identify complications during and after surgical procedures. They must listen carefully when patients describe their symptoms, as the cause of a complication is not always immediately apparent. They also must use established guidelines for conducting physical examinations and ordering diagnostic tests. A cardiac surgeon must be able to interpret test results and use scientific rules to determine the right treatment plan for each patient.
Heart surgeons must communicate effectively with patients and colleagues. With patients, doctors must be able to explain highly technical medical concepts in words that a layperson can understand. When speaking with colleagues, a heart surgeon must be able to use technical terms properly and communicate in a concise manner. Good writing skills are also important, as heart surgeons write patient progress notes, operative reports, discharge summaries and correspondence. Meanwhile, social-perceptiveness skills help doctors understand why people react to situations the way they do. This helps defuse tense situations and resolve conflict within groups.
Becoming a board-certified cardiac surgeon entails an extensive training process. The first step is completing four years of undergraduate school and fulfilling medical school prerequisites, such as courses in biology, chemistry, math and physics. After earning a bachelor's degree, the student must pass the Medical College Admissions Test.Four years of medical school is required to earn a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree. This training includes classroom and laboratory learning in the first two years and extensive work with patients under the supervision of one or more licensed physicians during the last two years. Along with practice in patient examinations and diagnoses, the student is often trained in acute, chronic, preventive and rehabilitative care to provide a well-rounded medical education.
I believe that heart surgery is always something that is going to be needed. Therefore heart surgeons will most defiantly have a good strong career for a while because the need for surgeons is so great.
The benefits of being a heart surgeon is going in the operation room and performing surgery on someone and everything come out all right. You just saved a life and you know that you did it successfully.
Similar Careers that require some of the same skills are: Pediatric surgeons, oral surgeons, Neurology surgeons, burn surgeons and many more.
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