England And The Medeval Times
By: Austin and Amanda
1. What effect did the Magna Carta have on human rights and the establishment of governments?
Feudalism was the dominant way of government or social system during medieval Europe. Where on which nobility held lands from the crowns in exchange for military service. Protection was traded for positions in government, loyalty, and military service. lords owned land where peasants lived, worked, and shared crops there. The feudal system was where the king awarded land grants or fiefs to his most nobles, his barons, and his bishops, in return for their contribution to his army.
At the head of the government was the King. The king's Bishops. Lords, and Barons owned land within the kingdom given to them from the King. Within the land of the Lords, Bishops, and Barons were peasants who worked on the land for food and shelter. The King was the central government. The Kings chief official was the Chamberlain. Who was control of private affairs for the King. When the king issued legally bling orders it was the Chancery who wrote them. The head of the Chancery was someone called the Chancellor who was almost always a Bishop. During the 14th century the Court of Chancery began to hear cases, they had jurisdiction of all of the court cases in England. The Exchequer was the department of government who were responsible for the royal finances. The chief officer for the Exchequer was the Treasurer and then under him would be the Chancellor of the Exchequer. So the court of the Exchequer was settled cases of royal revenue.
England had pretty much the same territory as they do now. It stretched from the top of now time England to the Irish and North sea. Then another section down to the English channel.
Wars and Battles
IN the medieval time there many battles and wars. This time was basically a warring period. There was one war greater than all of the others it was the 100 year war between France and England it lasted about 116 years. The most important battles of the 100 year war were Battle of Hastings, Battle of Northallerton, Battle of Liegnitz, Battle of Falkirk, Battle of Bannockburn, Battle of Halidon Hill, The Battle of Crecy, Battle of Shrewsbury, Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, and The Battle of Spanish Armada. these were all important to shape the borders and geographic locations of France and England.
Rise and Fall
The medieval times rose or began in the 5th century in Europe, more importantly England. It rose because of the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. The Western Roman Empire was one of two empires that came from Rome after it split into two. The medieval times ended in the 15th century lasting around 1000 years. Many factors led to the fall of the medieval times such as, the end of the 100 year war, the Ottoman Empire taking over Constantinople signaling the end of the Eastern Roman Empire, and The Black Death.
On June 15 1215 the popular document called the Magna Carta was written. King John affixed his seal on the Magna Carta. He was confronted by 40 rebellious barons and consented to their demands in order to prevent a civil war. Then 10 weeks later the Pope Innocent III nullified the agreement, and plunged England into a civil war.
There were many kings in England during the medieval ages, such as Edward the confessor, King Harold II, King William I, King William II, King Henry I, King Stephen, Empress Matilda, King Henry II, King Richard I, King John, King Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, Edward III, Richard II, and Henry IV.
The French Dynasties
Capetian Dynasty was the largest and oldest European royal house from 987 to 1328. It was founded by Hugh Capet. This dynasty had a huge role in the development of the French State. Many of the basic administrative institutions of the French monarchy began to to develop including parliaments. Members of this dynasty were usually catholic. The early capetians had an alliance with the church.
The Mediaval times lasted from the 5th century to the 15th century
open the website Kahoot.it and type in the code= 4423
If the medieval times never happened how advanced would we be and how would our culture change?
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