Glossary 1

Figurative Language:

  • Metaphors - Describing one thing as if it were something else.
  • Personification - Giving human qualities to something that is not human.
  • Similes - Using "like" or "as" to compare two seemingly unlike things.
  • Symbol - Anything that represents something else

Sound Devices:

  • Alliteration - The repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words.
  • Repetition - Use of any element of language; a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence more then once.
  • Assonance - Repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables.
  • Consonance - Repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables.
  • Onomatopoeia - Use of words that imitate sounds.
  • Rhyme - Repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
  • Meter - Rhythmical pattern in a poem.

Forms of Poetry

  • Narrative - Poetry that tells a story in verse.(Often have similar elements of a short story.)
  • Haiku - Three-line Japanese verse form.(1st and 3rd lines have five syllables each and the second line has seven.)
  • Free Verse - Poetry that's defined by it's lack of strict structure. (Has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.)
  • Lyric - Poetry that expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker in musical verse.
  • Ballads - Song-like poems that tell stories.
  • Concrete - Poems that are shaped to look like their subjects.
  • Limericks - Humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern.
  • Rhyming Couplets - Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.