Australian Stereotypes and Voices
i) STEREOTYPES | GENERAL BASIS AND AUSTRALIAN STEREOTYPES
What is a stereotype? What are two other Australian stereotypes that you have learned about and how accurate are they in your opinion?
Using the Oxford Online Dictionary, stereotype is defined as: a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing. In clinical psychology, a stereotype is a thought that could be adopted about individuals or ways of doing things; these thoughts or beliefs may or may not reflect reality in a cohesive, accurate way.
The first Australian stereotype is that Australia is a relaxed country, and its citizens are just enjoying life. While it can be applied to some situations, there are a lot of people who are stressed; just like the rest of the world, Australia is a fast moving country, and that generates stress.
The second Australian stereotype is one of how Australian speak (in their word choice). An example can be found here, and this is incorrect, as this is used in older film and television to make Australia seen different. Australian English has also had a heavy impact from Britian, and so many words are the same in context.
ii) STEREOTYPES | THE DAMAGING IMPACTS FOR PEOPLE AND GROUPS
How can stereotypes be damaging to a person or group?
At a surface level, stereotypes are damaging for a person and group as it can poison other members of a community against an undeserving recipient; as stereotypes are often based from a negative experience with a small number of the category, an unfair stigma can ripple onto the other members, even if they are innocent of the original act.
A stereotype can lead on into other acts, regardless of how it originated. These can include murder, rape and other sexual assault, intimidation tactics, attempted murder, assault and battery, assault, discrimination and various -ism's; even inside the community (that is being stereotyped) these attacks can occur, as outside influences shift the thinking.
iii) AUSTRALIAN ACCENTS | INFLUENCE ON BACKGROUNDS
Find examples of three different Australian Accents. Which accent do you feel that you have and why? What does this reveal about you and your background?
An example of the Cultivated Australian Accent is found when Cate Blanchett was interviewed at the Academy Awards in 2005 (x). The accent is largely spoken by women, and can be used to portray an upper class standing.
An example of the Broad Australian accent is the character of Michael J. 'Crocodile' Dundee from the Crocodile Dundee movies. The accent portrays a feel of masculinity.
An example of the General Australian accent is here: a clip of Nicole Kidman on Ellen. People who speak with this accent are often told they have no accent.
I feel I speak with a Cultivated Australian accent, as I have been asked several times if I was British. This reveals about my class background, location in Australia and my level of education. My accent also revels parts of my social and economic class.