Brown V. Board of Education
by Teddy Sledge
Summary: Linda Brown was a young African American student in Topeka Kansas school district, where everyday with her sister, Terry Lynn, had to walk through the Rock Island Railroad Switchyard to the all-black Monroe School. Linda applied admission to the Sumner School which was closer to her home but was denied by the Board of Education of Topeka because of her race, since Sumner School was only for white children.
During this time the law was that for public faculties were segregated by race, this was due to the Plessy v. Ferguson case which allowed segregation in 1896.
Constitutional Concept: By the Supreme Court this violated African American children equal protection of the laws granted by the Fourteenth Amendment.
Cause: The Court reversed its Plessy decision, declaring that "separate schools are inherently unequal."