The Future Of 3D Printing
Online Poster Presentation-July 28, 2014
Class No: 1145_23236
Group No. 8
Dip Modi and Darshit Shah
Sheridan College- Davis Campus, Brampton, ON
We all know that in new era Technology has made their own way but We believe that 3D printer is the best innovation of all, As a example we can say that Now we need to go anywhere for any thing, we can made that object in 3D printer. 3D printing is also known as Additive manufacturing (AM). 3D printing is a process of making three dimensional solid objects from your digital file which is created in solid works or any software. In a 3D printing an object is made by laying down successive layers of material until the whole object is created. Each layer could be seen as a meagerly cut flat cross-area of the eventual object.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF 3D PRINTING
The initiation of 3D printer might be traced back to 1976 when the inkjet printer was launched. During the late 1980s, AM equipment and materials were developed by S. Scott Crump, founder of “Stratasys” but their cost was very expensive. This process has been known as “Rapid Manufacturing”. The concept of 3D printing was developed by Charles Hull in 1984. He created similar technology for more complicated terms and whole process been known as stereo lithography or additive manufacturing. He was a founder of “3D Systems”. Scott Crump invented FDM (Fused Deposition Modeling) technique in 1988. After five years’ time duration, MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) added “Three Dimensional Printing Techniques” based on modification of 2D printer technologies which was authorized to Z Corporation later on. At the end of lots of research, finally first 3D printer was launched by Z Corp, Stratasys and 3D Systems in 1996. In the decades since, a variety of applications of 3D printing innovation have been developed over a few businesses. Basically 3D printer use plastic, metal, ceramic or glass powder for printing any object with respect to requirements.
By seeing this video we can get idea that How technology has reached so far? Can we image a machine can make a kidney, a statue, tools, toys or any other medical instruments. That’s why I believe this is the biggest achievement in the world by researchers. In the video we can see that how machine will make kidney and all other medical equipment. Before we have started to work on this 3D printer, for us it’s totally science fiction and important thing is it’s very easy to work with 3D printer. We just have to insert a card with design and press start. By seeing this video I am pretty sure that 3D printer will change the world for an example before 6 years you can download movies,books, but you couldn't download things but Now its very much possible.
HOW 3D PRINTING WORKS
Here are a few sorts of 3D printers. It’s very simple to use 3D printer, anyone can run this machine. They may utilize diverse materials, like we can use filament material in place of wood, carbon fiber, etc... These all materials are very lighter and strong. However all include the same fundamental methodology for "printing" an article: spreading or generally moving a substance in various layers onto a building surface, starting with the bottom layer.
Prior to the printing can happen, an individual must first make a 3D picture of the thing they need printed utilizing a machine supported configuration (CAD) programming project as an example we can use Solid works, Maker bot etc… That question is then cut into hundreds or a great many even layers, which are put one on top of the other until the finished article rises.
METHODS AND TECHNOLOGIES USED IN 3D PRINTING
There are several famous technologies and methods are used in 3D printing which are listed below:
- SLS (Selective Laser Sintering): SLS technology was invented by Dr. Carl Deckard at the University of Texas in the mid-1980s. In this technology, needs a high power laser to fuse small particles of metal, clay, glass or plastic powder into a mass and make a desired 3dimensional shape. Laser selectively fuses the powdered materials by checking cross-segments means layers created by the 3D modeling program on the surface of a powder cot. After each segment is checked and powder cot is lowered by one layer thickness. At that point another layer of materials is applied on the top and whole process is repeated until the whole object is made.
- FDM (Fused Deposition Modeling): FDM was developed by Scott Crump in the late 1980s. This technology mainly works using a plastic fiber or metal wire. The nozzle of the printer is heated during printing which can melt the materials. The nozzle can turn the stream on and off of the materials and it can be moved horizontally and vertically.
- Sheridan college has FDM based 3D printer in Davis campus. I have some photos and video.
- SLA (Stereo lithography): it is an additive manufacturing process in which an ultraviolet laser strikes on the surface of liquid ultraviolet reparable photo polymer
FUTURE OF 3D PRINTING
HOW IT WILL CHANGE THE WORLD?
In case you are not energized by 3D printing this is on account of you are not planning for an impressive future enough, say some engineering visionaries who foresee that life on earth will soon profoundly change in view of it.
A technology trend Jack Uldrich has said that " realistically We are going to living 100..110 with bio-printed organs,living to 110 wont be anything like living to that age today".Uldrich says organizations will soon have the capacity to fabricate products locally, with practically no squandered material and no requirement for universal outsourcing.
Uldrich additionally predicts the downfall of the development and farming commercial enterprises which he says will make numerous customary strategies for building and sustenance generation old. By Using 3D printer we can make Shoe so we need to go China or Indonesia. That's the enough to say that How it is going to change the world and at last I want to say future of manufacturing is in the hand of future of 3D printing.
VARIOUS SOFTWARE FOR 3D PRINTING
3D printing is the biggest industrial revolution and manufacturing is the biggest bang in 2025 For sure future will be constructed in our living room. Before few decades price of the 3D printer was climbing a sky like in 2006-07 it was around $20,000 but now scenario has totally changed, in last two years price of the 3D printer has decreased drastically and in future I believe it may decrease. Today We can get 3D printer in $1000-2000.
- 3DS Max
- Auto Cad 3D
- Cheetah 3D
- Solid Works
- Rhino 3D
- Z Brush
3D Printing which requires 3D graphics software and all this object saves in STL Format. At the point when picking any 3D software, you have to discover one that is not difficult to learn and utilization, particularly in case you’re tenderfoot. Also you ought to pick one that is going to perform the task you need to and at the level of value you need to arrive at. Most expert 3D product is lavish, however there are constantly some free programming that you can utilize and make the enchantment. The following is the arrangement of famous 3D product, free or paid 3D Software.
The Maker bot and Shape ways speak to early tinkering and heedless consumerism — though beginning tinkering and careless consumerism with colossal potential.Now days in the market Maker bot has made their own place and Public like to use this software most.Shape ways is very popular 3D printing Service It has vast library of objects and large section of print materials.
- Buildatron Systems (September, 2011) “History of 3D Printing” Retrieved From: http://buildatron.com/history-of-3d-printing
- C&EN (2011, November) “How to Print A 3D Object with Laser Sintering” Retrieved From: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wD9-QEo-qDk
- Craw ford, Stephanie Contributing Writer “How 3D Printing Works” Retrieved From: http://computer.howstuffworks.com/3-d-printing1.htm
- Cybernation (2014)
- Federico-o’Murchu Linda (May, 2014) “How 3D Printing will radically Change The World” Retrieved From: http://www.cnbc.com/id/101638702
- GE Aviation (May, 2013) “Addictive Manufacturing-The Next Industrial Revolution” Retrieved From: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l0SXlkrmzyw
- Global News (2013, January) “3D Printing: Make anything you want” Retrieved From: http://www.youtube.co0m/watch?v=G0EJmBoLq-g
- Hembrey Jon (2013, January) “CBC News: Technology & Science” Retrieved From: http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/how-exactly-does-3d-printing-work- 1.1371800
- Liu Alec, (October, 2012) “Is 3D Printing is the Next Big Thing or Next Big Bust” Retrieved From: http://www.digitaltrends.com/cool-tech/is-3d-printing-the-next-big-thing-or-the-next-big-bust/#!bonhkW
- Maxey Kyle (2013, September) “The History of 3D Printing” Retrieved From: http://www.engineering.com/3DPrinting/3DPrintingArticles/ArticleID/6262/Infographic-The-History-of-3D-Printing.aspx\
- Nuschke Michael (2012, October), “3D Printing: The Future of Manufacturing” Retrieved From: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e7b8g0nkhnA
- Red Orbit Your Universe Online “The History Of 3D Printing” Retrieved from: http://www.redorbit.com/education/reference_library/general-2/history-of/1112953506/the-history-of-3d-printing/
- University of Michigan (2010, September) “Rapid Prototyping-Fused Deposition Modeling Overview” Retrieved From: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P0JRxHJrUuk
- Viper Pro SLA System (2008, Jun) Retrieved From: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HTWFWh1x-yo
- Wikipedia (3D Printing)
- WhatIs.com “3-D Printing (addictive manufacturing)” Retrieved From: http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/3-D-printing-rapid-prototyping-stereolighography-or-architectural-modeling
- 3D Printer and 3D Printing News: 3ders http://www.3ders.org/3d-printing-basics.html