By: Mike Jones
What is Taxonomy?
Taxonomy is the science of classification with organisms using systematics. There are 7 taxon levels . The levels are called taxon and the levels in order are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. All organisms are named using a 2 part system: called genus and species.
Taxonomy of a Toucan?
Kingdom: Animalia- Eukaryotic and multicellular organisms. They can move voluntarily, they can acquire and digest food and they have sensory and nervous system. This class does NOT include human beings.
Phylum: Chordata- They have backbones at some point in their life. They are warmblooded birds. They were born from hard eggs. They have hollow bones and their feathers are hollow as well. Also they can fly short distances.
Class: Aves- Or birds. They appear to have beaks or bills instead of teeth. They only walk on 2 legs. They have forelimbs that developed into wings. They also have waterproof skin covered with feathers.
Order: Piciformes- These birds range between 4-24 inches and they come in a plethora of spectacular and beautiful colors. They also have a thing called zygodactyl feet. (Meaning 2 toes facing frontwards and 2 toes facing backwards).
Family: Ramphastidae- These are a family of warmblooded vertebrates organized by their feathers and wings.
Genus: Ramphastos- These are toucans are near Mexico and Central and South America and they are tropical and subtropical.
Species: Toco- Toco Toucans eat fruit, and insects. Found in many countries throughout South America and they build their nests in decayed hollow trees of the rainforests and they are found high in the canopies.
Where are the Toco Toucans found?
The Life of a Toco Toucan
The Toco Toucan is the largest of the toucans. They measure roughly around 25 inches. The beak is 1 third of the birds total length and it measures at about 8 inches. This beautiful bird is mostly recognized by the colorful beak of course. The beak is not as heavy as it appears, it is made up of protein keratin and air pockets.
These extravagant birds live in the rainforests of South America. Here several of these wonderful birds are found living together in a hollow. Now while they are living there they lay about 2-4 eggs per year (I assume the female lays the eggs). It now takes both parents to incubate the eggs which take about 16-20 days. Once they hatch, both parents continue to provide care to the young. The baby toucans aren't born with an excessively large beak, it develops over time. The live up to 20 years.