Unit 12: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
Introduction to Treatment
- History of Treatment in America
- Psychologists v. Psychiatrists v. Counselors v. Doctors
- Seeking therapy
- Types of Treatment
Types of Treatment
Types of treatment are about as varied as types of psychological disorder, but we will discuss the following broad categories:
1. Insight therapies
- Positive Psychology
- Group Therapy
- Client-centered therapy (Unconditional Positive Regard; Genuiness; Non-Directive Therapy)
2. Behavior therapies
- Aversion Therapy
- Contingency Management/Token economy
- Exposure Therapy
- Social Skills Training
- Article: Early Behavior Therapy Found to Help Children with ADHD
3. Biomedical therapies
- Brain Stimulation Therapy
- Chemotherapy (drug therapy/psychopharmacotherapy)
- Electroconvulsive Therapy - The Truth About Shock Therapy- A Return of Electroshock Therapy?
4. Cognitive Therapies
- Systematic Desensitization (imploding and flooding)
5. Humanist Therapies
Psychiatrists - physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders. 8 years of schooling, allowed to write prescriptions. Focus on biomedical therapy, but may also treat using insight or behavioral
Psychologists - 5-7 years of schooling, not a medical doctor, focus on psychological testing, diagnosis, and treatment through insight or behavioral therapy. Clinical v. Counseling?
Other mental health professionals - nurses, social workers, counselors - less years of school, often trained in just one area.
- Do those who NEED help SEEK help? (1/3 of people who need help get it)
- Most common presenting problems are depression and anxiety.
- Those who seek help do not necessarily have enough symptoms to qualify for a full fledged mental health disorder.