AP Psychology
Unit 12: Treatment of Psychological Disorders
Introduction to Treatment

Notes Outline:

  • History of Treatment in America
  • Psychologists v. Psychiatrists v. Counselors v. Doctors
  • Seeking therapy
  • Types of Treatment

Types of Treatment

Types of treatment are about as varied as types of psychological disorder, but we will discuss the following broad categories:

1. Insight therapies

  • Psychoanalysis
  • Positive Psychology
  • Group Therapy
  • Client-centered therapy (Unconditional Positive Regard; Genuiness; Non-Directive Therapy)

2. Behavior therapies

3. Biomedical therapies

4. Cognitive Therapies

  • Systematic Desensitization (imploding and flooding)

5. Humanist Therapies

  • Ellis/Beck

Therapists

Psychiatrists - physicians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.  8 years of schooling, allowed to write prescriptions. Focus on biomedical therapy, but may also treat using insight or behavioral

Psychologists - 5-7 years of schooling, not a medical doctor, focus on psychological testing, diagnosis, and treatment through insight or behavioral therapy. Clinical v. Counseling?

Other mental health professionals - nurses, social workers, counselors - less years of school, often trained in just one area.

Seeking Therapy

  • STIGMA?
  • Do those who NEED help SEEK help? (1/3 of people who need help get it)
  • Most common presenting problems are depression and anxiety.
  • Those who seek help do not necessarily have enough symptoms to qualify for a full fledged mental health disorder.

Extra Resources