Oil Sands

Oil is suspended in the sand. To get the oil out it is mixed with water which requires lots of energy and water. Considered dirty oil, due to its high greenhouse gas emissions. Bitumen is oil that is to heavy or thick to flow or be without being diluted or heated. Bitumen is hard as a hockey puck. Some bitumen is found within 70 meters (200 feet) of the surface, but the majority is deeper underground.

Large shovels scoop oil sands from the ground. This sand is crushed and mixed with water and oil is separated. The benefits of the oil sands is that the oil sands is generated $49 billion in revenue in 2012. It has 168 billion barrels in reserve, it provides $3.7 billion to Alberta. It employs 121,500 people.

The land owners feel it puts their drinking water, farm land and natural areas at risk.

Environment:

The further development of the oil sands will contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. The water contamination: The oil sands take 170 million cubic meters from the Athabasca. River: how much 1.7 million Canadians use each other.

It is polluting the environment, making fish and wild gane unhealthy for consumption. Local drinking water is unsafe. Which increase of the rate of cancers. Caribou are threatened with extinction. People who live near tar sands strip-mining, drilling, and processing operations in Canada face health risks from additional air and water pollution, and there are reports of an increasing incidence of cancer. The governments of Alberta and Canada, scientists studied the incidences of cancer found in the tiny community of Fort Chipewyan. Fort Chip, as it is commonly known, has 1,100 residents and is located where the Athabasca River empties into Lake Athabasca, 124 miles north (downstream) of the major tar sands developments. Scientists noted a diagnosed cancer rate from 1995 to 2006 that was 30 percent higher. Certain types of cancers tract cancers, blood and lymphatic cancers, lung cancers in women, and soft tissue cancers all occurred at rates higher than expected.

Location:

Canada’s oil sands are found in three deposits the Athabasca, Peace River and Cold Lake areas in Alberta and part of Saskatchewan. The greatest quantity is found in the Athabasca deposit.

My opinion:

I think we should stop the oil sands because its affecting two things our environment and ourselves. The rate of cancer that is increasing is higher than expected. Its polluting our environment, its poisoning our fish and more. Overall i think we should stop the development, its not helping much, its affecting our environment and ourselves. Therefore if we stop the oil sand development its saving two really essential things that we need.  

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