An infection in one or more of the tonsils.
What are Tonsils?
Large lymphoid nodules in the walls of the pharynx.
1. Pharyngeal (adenoid) Tonsil: Lies in the posterior, superior wall of the nasopharynx.
2. Palatine Tonsils: Located at the posterior, inferior margin of the oral cavity.
3. Linguinal Tonsils: Lie deep to the mucous epithelium covering the base (pharyngeal portion) of the tongue.
What Causes Tonsillitis?
There are a few different causes. Some of which are:
- Streptococcus (strep throat) bacteria
- Influenza Virus
- Esptein-barr Virus
- Parainfluenza Viruses
- Herpes Simplex Virus
What are the Symptoms?
- Red, swollen tonsils
- White or yellow coating or patches on the tonsils
- Sore throat
- Difficult or painful swallowing
- Enlarged, tender glands (lymph nodes) in the neck
- A scratchy, muffled or throaty voice
- Bad breath
- Stomachache, particularly in younger children
- Stiff neck
Treatment for Tonsillitis
Since tonsillitis can be caused by different things such as viruses and bacteria, there are different approaches to treating a case of tonsillitis. Some treatments require a longer healing time than others.