Tonsillitis

An infection in one or more of the tonsils.

What are Tonsils?

Large lymphoid nodules in the walls of the pharynx.

Three kinds:

1. Pharyngeal (adenoid) Tonsil: Lies in the posterior, superior wall of the nasopharynx.

2. Palatine Tonsils: Located at the posterior, inferior margin of the oral cavity.

3. Linguinal Tonsils: Lie deep to the mucous epithelium covering the base (pharyngeal portion) of the tongue.

What Causes Tonsillitis?

There are a few different causes. Some of which are:

  • Streptococcus (strep throat) bacteria
  • Adenoviruses
  • Influenza Virus
  • Esptein-barr Virus
  • Parainfluenza Viruses
  • Herpes Simplex Virus

What are the Symptoms?

  • Red, swollen tonsils
  • White or yellow coating or patches on the tonsils
  • Sore throat
  • Difficult or painful swallowing
  • Fever
  • Enlarged, tender glands (lymph nodes) in the neck
  • A scratchy, muffled or throaty voice
  • Bad breath
  • Stomachache, particularly in younger children
  • Stiff neck
  • Headache

Treatment for Tonsillitis

     Since tonsillitis can be caused by different things such as viruses and bacteria, there are different approaches to treating a case of tonsillitis. Some treatments require a longer healing time than others.

Tonsillectomy

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