The Mayan Civilization

The maya was located in the Yucatan Peninsula, which flourished between A.D. 300 and 900.

The maya  built splendid temples and pyramids and developed a complicated calendar accurate. They were a farming people who cleared the dense rain forest, developed farming, and centered their culture in city-states (each governed by a hereditary ruling class).

Maya cities were built around a central pyramid topped by a shrine their many goods.

Location map

Timeline

What were their cities like?

The most important cities were: buildings of Tikal, Palenque, The Palace, Tulum, Uxmal, and Chichen Itza.

How did they dress?

The men used a loincloth tied at the waist called maxtat. The women used a skirt waist and a piece of fabric at the bust tied in the back.

What did they eat?

The basis of the Mayan diet was corn, which was also used in the production of alcoholic beverages such as atole.

Other important food Mayan civilization were derived from cocoa.

They ate different types of meat and were obtained of deer, peccary, rabbit, manatee, dove, among others birds and mammals. Also, they used the balché,alcoholic drink used in ceremonies, is made from the bark of the tree balché, water and honey.

How did they get food?

They fished, hunted and to planted their foods.

How many people lived in their civilization?

The population overall in center of Mexico was 24 millions , in Guatemala, Belice, Honduras y El Salvador were around of  4 million of people, around of 1520.

How was their government structured? Who were their leaders?

Maya civilization was composed of city-states, each governed by a hereditary ruling class. These Mata city-states were often at war with each other. Ordinary soldiers who were captured in battle became slaves, captured nobles and war leaders were used for human sacrifice.

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