Battle of theBulge
Anna Kate Tyree 4th period
1.The Battle of the Bulge was a major German offensive campaign launched through the densely forested Ardennes region of Wallonia in Belgium, France and Luxembourg on the Western Front toward the end of World War II in Europe.
2.on December 16, with the onset of winter, the German army launched a counteroffensive that was intended to cut through the Allied forces in a manner that would turn the tide of the war in Hitler's favor.
3.From mid-December 1944 through the end of January 1945, in the heavily forested Ardennes Mountains of Belgium, thousands of American, British, Canadian, Belgian and French forces struggled to turn back the final major German offensive of World War II.
4.The battle started with a two hour bombardment of the Allies lines that was followed by a huge armoured attack with the majority of the German armoured might based at the Schnee Eifel.
5.By December 22nd, the weather started to clear, thus allowing the Allies to bring their air power into force and on the following day, the Americans started a counter-attack against the Germans.
6.The Battle of the Bulge was the largest battle fought by the Americans in World War Two.
7.It was the biggest and bloodiest single battle American soldiers ever fought -- one in which nearly 80,000 Americans were killed, maimed, or captured.
8.The Battle of the Bulge was key engagement of World War II which lasted from December 16, 1944 until January 25, 1945.
9. In December 1944, in an all-out gamble to compel the Allies to sue for peace, Adolf Hitler ordered the only major German counteroffensive of the war in northwest Europe.
10.On December 16, three German armies (more than a quarter-million troops) launched the deadliest and most desperate battle of the war in the west in the poorly roaded, rugged, heavily forested Ardennes.
11.The Battle of the Bulge (aka the Ardennes Offensive) was a major surprise German offensive launched through the densely forested Ardennes mountain region on the Western Front
12.Though initially successful, the battle ended up being a decisive Allied victory, depleting an already weakened German army as both valuable reserves and equipment were lost.
13.The goal for the Battle of the Bulge was to split the American and British line in half, capture Antwerp, Belgium, and then proceed to encircle the four Allied Armies
14.The Germans achieved almost complete surprise against a weakly defended sector of the Allied front lines during a time of heavy overcast weather. This had grounded the friendly air forces which compounded the impact of the surprise German attack.
15.For the first two weeks of the battle, it didn’t look as though they were going to be stopped and that they would achieve a penetration of more than 70 miles into the lines.
16.Battle of the Bulge looks at the battle through the eyes of the U.S. soldiers and combat officers in the field -- the young men charged with holding the line and closing the bulge.
17.The Battle of the Bulge was not a single battle, but a major push by the German army during the last winter of World War 2.
18. The Battle of the Bulge was meant to be Hitler's "last stand" in order to break apart and defeat the Allied forces
19.On the night before the battle, Hitler sent in troops to infiltrate the front. Some were dropped by parachute, while others came in driving captured American jeeps.
20.The battle began at the crack of dawn on December 16th. After a two hour bombardment, Hitler managed to push back American forces
21.On December 22, Hitler sent a message to American Major-General Anthony Mcauliffe, at the Bartongre Garrison, telling him to surrender. His response to Hitler's request was simply "Nuts!" On this same day, skies cleared up, and reinforcements were sent by airdrop to the Bartongre Garrison, and Allied airplanes began their attack on German tanks. Then, on December 23, Americans began their first counterattack on the southern flank of the Ardennes "bulge".
22.Hitler's faith in "the attack as the best defense" proved to be the worst defense. What he believed to be the turning point of the war in Germany's favor, turned out to be nothing but a big disaster.
23.Of the American soldiers, there were 81,000 casualties, 23,554 captured, and 19,000 killed.
24.The Germans had one last great offensive in them, or so Hitler thought. Hoping that history would repeat itself, he planned to throw the weight of his remaining western forces into the Ardennes, where he had launched the attack that crushed the Allies four years earlier and allowed him to capture most of Western Europe.
25.The Battle of the Bulge took its name from the fact that a bulge 70 miles wide and 50 miles deep was created in the Allied lines when the Germans moved into the Ardennes and split the American and British forces.