Justice Antonin Scalia

Education: Received his A.B. from Georgetown University and the University of Fribourg. Received his LL.B from Harvard Law School, and was a Sheldon Fellow while at Harvard.

Career Background: Private Practice in Cleveland, Ohio (1961-1967), Professor of Law at University of Virginia (1967-1971), Appointed by Nixon to General Council for National Telecommunications Policy (1972-1974), Appointed after Watergate to Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel (1974-1982),Professor of Law at the University of Chicago (1977-1982). Appointed as Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals in 1981, appointed to Supreme Court Justice in 1986.

Years of Public Service: 28 years of service in the Supreme Court

Religious Background: Roman Catholic

Political Orientation: Republican, with moderate leanings when applied to the courts.

Judicial Idealogy: Constitution is not a living document, literal definitions are used extensively by Scalia. Scalia believes legislature is where the "times" are reflected in laws, not the Constitution. As such, often rules strictly off of what is written in the Constitution, does not provide liberal interpretations.

Significant Cases:

Employment Division v. Smith- Established laws banning peyote did not violate the 1st Amendment.

Jones v. United States- Police need a warrant to electronically track a suspect

Kyllo v. U.S.- Use of thermal imaging constitutes a search, and use of such is a violation of the 4th Amendment unless a warrant is granted.

Hamdi v. Rumsfeld- Argued U.S. citizens should never be considered "enemy combatants", and are always entitled to protection guaranteed through the Bill of Rights.

Harris v. Quinn- Laws other than Federal prohibiting rights to organize are unconstitutional, including State law, regulation, and provision.

Formal Requirements: Entrance to the Supreme Court requires for you to be well-behave.

Informal Requirements: Having a degree of law,  being of a "wise age"