by jennifer vilela
the lakota tribe :)
The interior of the United States is home to the Great Plains, aregion which is covered by dry grasslands. With few trees and extreme weather life on the Great Plains was very different from Alaska or the Pacific regions, and the people who lived here faced many challenges. One of the biggest groups here were the Lakota (La-koh-tuh), which means“allies” or “friends.”
Millions of buffaloroamed the drygrasslands of the GreatPlains, and life for theLakota people was anever-ending adventure.
The Lakota weren’t the only people living in theGreat Plains. There were Cheyenne, Arapaho,Blackfeet, Comanche, and Pawnee as well. All hadmany things in common, but one of the biggest wasthe importance of the buffalo.The Plains Indians depended on these shaggy beastsfor almost everything. Buffalo meat could be dried andmade into jerky, which kept for long periods of timewithout spoiling. Buffalo hides were used to makeclothing, shields, and teepee sides. Sinew, the partthat connects bone to muscle, and the muscleitself were used to make bowstrings, and sewingthread. Bones were used to make tools as wellas runners for dog sleds for winter travel oversnow. Horns were turned into cups, bowls,and spoons. No part went to waste.
Hunting was the heart of Lakota life. Buffalo, elk, andantelope meant survival. How do you capture a hugebuffalo? One way the Lakota did it was by surrounding aherd and then frightening the animals so they wouldstampede over the edges of cliffswhere other hunters waited at thebottom to kill the stunned beasts.The Lakota were also fantasticbowmen and could unleash dozensof arrows in a minute or two. Withbuffalo plentiful year-round,hunger was rarely a problem
“…all creation is realated. And the hurt of one is the hurt of all.And the honor of one isthe honor of all.And whatever we do affects everything in the universe.”—WHITE BUFFALO CALF WOMAN!!
The Pueblo people made beautifulpots from adobe and wove intricatelypatterned baskets. They carved spiritdolls called kachinas from cottonwoodtrees and used them to teachyoungsters lessons about right andwrong, faith, and the great gifts of nature.Gathered in kivas—special roundrooms used for ceremonies—they quietlylifted their voices in worship and prayer,grateful for the bounty of their lives.