CPR, Conscious Choking, Unconscious Choking, Bleeding

By: Brittany Brooks

CPR- Adult

First you check the scene. Second you check the patient tap and shout. Third you Activate EMS - Call 911. You have to tell them the patients location, what happened, how many people are injured, and what is being done. If your alone and no one is available phone first and get the AED. Then return to start CPR. If they are unconcious with no normal breathing and is not moving begin chest compressions. Give 30 compressions at 100 per minute. Place heel of dominant hand on the center of the chest in between the nipples. The second hand should be on top of the first hand. Compress at least 2 inches deep. Open airway using head tilt. Look in the mouth for any object. If you see something take it out with a finger sweep. Give 2 breaths that last 1 second each. Watch for the chest to rise and fall. Continue 30 compressions and 2 breaths until an AED arrives, the patient shows signs of life, the scene becomes unsafe or you become to tired to continue.

CPR- Child

First you have to check the scene. Is it safe for me to help? Am I going to need assistance from EMS? How many patients are there? Second you have to Check the patient. Tap and shout if there is no response check to see if they are breathing. If they are having occasional gasps then next you Activate EMS - Call 911. Tell someone to call and then come back. They should tell them through the phone the location, what happened, how many are injured, and what is being done. If you are alone and no one is available. For children you should care first by providing five cycles or two minutes of CPR. Before calling for help. Next is compressions if the patient isn't breathing or not responding continue with 30 compressions at the rate of 100 per minute for all ages. Place heel of one hand in the center of the chest in between the nipples. You can use two hands if needed. Compress at least 1/3 depth of the chest. Now is the airway. Open the airway using the head and tilt the chin lift. Look for the object in there mouth. If you see anything get it out right away. Give breaths now. Give two breaths that last one second each. Watch for the chest rising and falling back down. If your not using a masks make sure you make a seal over the mouth and pinch the nose closed every time you give a breath. Continue the 30 compressions and 2 breaths until an AED arrives, the patient responses, other people come to take over, you become to tired to continue, or the scene becomes unsafe to continue.  

CPR- Infant

First you have to Check the scene if the scene is safe to continue then Check the patient. You can check the patient by tapping the babies foot. If they don't respond or are taking occasional breaths. Next Activate EMS - Call 911. You have to tell them the location or the patient, what happened, how many people are injured, and what is being done. If you are alone Care first by providing 5 cycles or 2 minutes of CPR before activating the emergency response number. If the infant is unconcious with no normal breathing and is not moving give 30 compressions. Give 30 compressions at 100 per minute. Place two fingers on the center of the chest between the nipples. Compress at least 1/3 depth of the chest. Open airway and look to see if its clear. If you see any foreign object take it out with a finger sweep. Use your smallest finger for an infant. Now give 2 breaths one second each. Watch for the chest to rise and fall. If your not using a mask make sure to cover the mouth and nose with your mouth. Continues cycles unless an AED arrives, other people come to help, the scene becomes unsafe, or you become to tired to continue.  

Unconscious Choking Adult

If the person is not already on the ground lower them to the ground. Now activate EMS- Call 911. Give 30 compressions. Open the airway and look for any foreign object. If you see the object do a finger sweep to get it out. Attempt 2 rescue breaths. If you don't see the chest rise and fall reposition the head and attempt the 2 rescue breaths again. Continue compressions, foreign body check, and breathing attempts until the chest rises and falls. If they are still unconscious continue the 30 compressions and the rescue breaths. If the victim vomits roll them on their side and clear out their airway. After the airway is clear roll them on the back and continue cycles.

Unconscious Choking Child

If the victim is not already on the ground lower them to the ground. Now activate EMS - Call 911. Give them 30 compressions. Open the airway and look for any foreign object. If you see the object do a finger sweep to get it out. Attempt 2 rescue breaths. If you don't see the chest rise and fall reposition the head and attempt the 2 rescue breaths again. Continue compressions, foreign body check , and breathing attempts until the chest rises and falls. If they are still unconscious continue the 30 compressions and rescue breaths. If the victim vomits roll them on their side and clear out their airway. After the airway is clear roll them on the back and continue cycles.

Unconscious Choking Infant

If the victim is on the ground put the infant on the table. Now activate EMS - Call 911. Give them 30 compressions with two fingers. Compress at least 1/3 depth of the chest.  Open the airway and look for any foreign object. If you see the object do a finger sweep with your smallest finger to get it out. Attempt 2 rescue breaths. If you don't see the chest rise and fall reposition the head and attempt 2 rescue breaths again. Continue compressions, foreign body check, and breathing attempts until the chest rises and falls. If they are still uncscious continue the 30 compressions and rescue breaths. If the victim vomits roll them on their side and clear out their airway. After the airway is clear roll them on the back and continue cycles.

Conscious Choking Adult/Child

First ask them if they are okay. If they are unable to breath or speak treat them. Activate EMS - Call 911. Stand behind the victim with one foot in-between the victims feet and your other foot behind you. Place the flat side of your fist just above the patients belly button. Grab the back of your fist with your other hand. Administer abdominal thrusts, pulling inward and upward, until the object comes out or the patient becomes unconscious. The only difference between adult and child conscious choking is with a child you have to get down to their level

Conscious Choking Infant

First ask them if they are okay. If they can't breath or speak treat them. Activate EMS - Call 911. Support the infant’s face and place body on your forearm. Keep the infants head lower than the feet. Give them 5 back blows between the shoulder blades with the palm of your hand. Support the infant’s head. Turn the baby over onto your other forearm. Give 5 chest thrusts. Continue back blows and chest thrusts until object comes out or infant becomes unconscious.

Bleeding

To stop the bleeding put a pad down and tell the patient to apply pressure. If the blood starts to come through put another pad down. Then wrap it with a bandage. You want to wrap it tight and tie it where the injure is. If the blood is coming through you can wrap it more.

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