Tourette's syndrome is typically noticed in childhood between the ages of 3-9. Tourette's effects people of all ethnics. Males are affected 3 to 4 times more than females. Estimates show 200,000 Americans have the most severe form of Tourette's. People with Tourette's experience tics. Tics are classified as simple or complex. Simple Tics include: eye blinking and other eye movements, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, and head jerking. Complex Tics include: facial grimacing mixed with a shoulder shrug and a head twist, jumping and hopping, clearing their throat, coughing, sneezing, and saying random phrases and profanity. Most Tourette's patients experience their worst tic in their late teens it improves into their adulthood.
Doctors diagnose a patient with Tourette's after seeing that they have vocal or motor tics after a year. Tourette's can't be cured but there are some treatments that treat the tics. Treatments used are medications and behavioral treatment. Medicines used to treat tics are the same used for psychotic diseases because those are the most useful for tic suppression. If the patient has tics for more then a year then the doctors diagnose it as Chronic tic disorder. Tics come more often and harder when the patient is under stress. Also at certain times of the day tics may increase.
Doctors don't know the cause of Tourette's. Research shows that it occurs when there is a problem with how many nerves communicate in the brain.
Coprolalia is a form of very complex tics. This is when tics turn into swearing or hitting their self or harming their self. Coprolalia is an very involuntary tic. Most people don't get Coprolalia but if you do it comes suddenly and you feel like you want to say something but you don't what.