Federalists & Anti-Federalists at Constitutional Convention

- Federalist such as James Madison and Alexander Hamilton feared the uneducated common man coming into power and creating a mess of things so they pushed for the revision of the articles of confederation and the ratification of the constitution so they could form a strong central government and put and keep the elite in power.

- Anti-Federalists such as Thomas Jefferson claimed that the failures of the articles of confederation was over exadurated, they didn't like the constitution due to a lack of bill of rights (modeled after England's) The antifederalists feared the oppression of the common man and the tyranny of the elite. They pushed for a small central government and larger state governments with powerful state rights.

“The progress of a commercial society begets luxury, the parent of inequality, the foe to virtue, and the enemy to restraint.”

―Cato/ The Anti-Federalist Papers

-Took place in 1787 the state house in Philadelphia

"“You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place, oblige it to control itself.”

-James Madison, The Federalist Papers

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

Section 8 - Powers of Congress

The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;

To borrow money on the credit of the United States;

To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;

To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;

To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;

To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;

To establish Post Offices and Post Roads;

-the constitution, giving the government the rights to function, and help facilitate the people.

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.


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