British Policies and The Effects
Between 1700 and 1763
1702 – 1713 The Queen Anne’s war
- Queen Anne 1665-1714
The Queen Anne’s war was the North American theater of the War of Spanish Succession. The war was fought primarily due to the potential alliance of France and Spain; however, the main conflict was between England and France. The British aided the colonies by protecting the Northern frontier the French in Canada. The war ended with France was giving up the Hudson Bay territory, Newfoundland, and Nova Scotia to England.
- Map of the Queen Anne's war
- Picture of The Treaty of Utrecht document
1739 – 1748 The King George’s war
- King George II 1683-1760
The King George's broke out in 1739 between Spain and Britain by the War of Jenkin's Ear. Later, the war widened in Europe with the outbreak of the War of Austrian Succession. In 1745, British colonial captured Fortress Louisbourg which was initially belong to French. However, in the end of the war, according to the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, Louisbourg was returned to France three years later in exchange for the city of Madras in India , which was captured by the French from the British.
The Economic Policy
The cumulative aftermath of wars became a massive amount of war debts. Therefore, the British government needed money to pay back and maintain their stable economic state. They brought up with new economic policy which is called "Act"
- The Molasses Act
- Molasses Act was basically a tax on non-British sugar, molasses, and cane so that the colony could only trade with England. Thus, it would help England's economy.
- The Iron Act
- Iron Act that make limit on the Iron industry that on British America colonies and force them to trade
- The Currency Act
- Currency Act that say America can not make own money and force them to trade
1754 – 1763 = French and Indian War
The French and Indian War formed in the early 1750s by France’s expansion into the Ohio River Valley. In the beginning of the conflict, the French defeated British colonial in quick succession. Later, 1756, the British formally declared war.
In July 1758, the British won their first great victory at Louisbourg and a month later, they took Fort Frontenac. Then, British won a spectacular victory on the Plains of Abraham in 1759. Therefore, French lost their foothold in Canada.
Perdition of Aftermath
There is a particular relationship between the War and the Economic policy. Whenever the wars make the enormous war debts, then the government raise the taxes or make new economic policy that can provide financial supports such as "Act". Furthermore, after the governments gathered enough money, they declare wars on other countries again. Therefore, the British government might set the new Acts for repaying the war debt form the French and Indian war.