Industrial Revolution

BY Johnathan Lam F3G4

James Watt 1736-1819 Steam Engine

Name: James Watt

Place of Birth: Greenock, Strathclyde, Scotland.

Life span: 1736-1819

Invention or skill: Steam Engine

Length of education: spent a year in England to study instrument making

James Watt was born in Greenock, Scotland. when he was young , his mother was the one to educate him. Unfortunately , his mother passed away and his father’s health was feeling bad when he was 18. After this tragic event, he went to Greenock Grammar School to study manual dexterity, engineering skills, and Mathematics. After that , he moved to England and used about one year to study instrument making , and then he moved back to Scotland and starting his own business in instrument making.

In 1764, this was the first time he came across with the Newcomen engine, he was giving a Newcomen engine to repair and he found out that the inefficiency of the engine was unbelievable. So he started to make developments on the design. He designed a separate condensing chamber for the steam engine that prevented the vast losses of steam, and the design has brought him a patent. In 1775 James watt and his partner Matthew Boulton began to manufacture steam engines, and became the most important engineering firm in the country. By the time 1790 he turned into a wealthy man, and devoted himself entirely on the research work after he retired. He also patented several other important inventions including the rotary engine, the double-action engine and the steam indicator, which records the steam pressure inside the engine.

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