Civil War Espionage Report, Part 2
By: Alex Nam & Ross Gall
Lafayette Baker was, in addition to being a spy for general grant in the civil war, ironically rode past Dr. Samuel Mudd's house, where Booth and his accomplice, David Herold, were staying. It appears that Baker was so concerned about following the booth sighting report that people had made, and in his overconfidence that Booth was in the town near Dr. Mudd's house.
Sarah Emma Edmonds, a Candian woman, spied for the Union and first disguised as a male field nurse for the early months of the Civil War, and then disguised herself as a soldier by the name of Franklin Flint Thompson. She fought in several battles, such as Antietam. Later she disguised herself as an African American named Cuff using silver nitrate, which chemically reacts with the skin by turning it black. She went behind Confederate lines and gathered information from Confederate military officials. At the time, African Americans were seen as stupid and illiterate, allowing Sarah one more advantage. Another one of her exploits is disguing herself as an Irish peddler woman named Bridget O'Shea, claiming to sell apples and soap to the soldiers. Also, she disguised herself as an African American laundress, claiming to wash the Confederates' clothes. Once, an officer's papers fell out of an officer's pocket. When Thompson ( Edmonds' enlistment identity) returned to Union territory, the generals were quite happy at the information she gave them. Charles Mayberry, her last disguise before she was diagnosed with malaria, was a detective based in Maryland who found a Confederate agent.
Timothy Webster was a member of Allan Pinkerton's private agency for detectives. In in the early months of the civil war, Webster gathered information for Generals. 1861, he and Hattie Lawton were sent to pose as a secessionist couple living in Baltimore and gather information on secessionist movements and plans. Webster sent data to Pinkerton that caused him to believe that there was a Baltimore plot to murder Pres. Lincoln. Webster became very ill with rheumatism, so he did not send reports to Pinkerton. John Scully was sent along with Pryce Lewis to find Webster. Scully and Lewis were sadly captured, after revealing information that Webster was a Union spy, causing his arrest. Confederate officers were extremely disappointed that Webster their own friend was a traitor. So, even as Webster made friends, he eventually gained enemies.
Rose O'Neal Greenhow, a Confederate spy, by used her friendship with high ranking military officers, presidents, and senators from Washington from the union to gain military secrets. She was credited with the Confederate victory the first battle of bull run. She was tried of espionage and later was deported in confederate territory. Some years later, near the end of the war, she was drowned by a Union gunboat outside of Wilmington, North Carolina.
The original trilogy of Star Wars has a famous quote that relates to espionage: "Many Bothans died to bring you this information.", because the Bothans were expert spies in the Star Wars universe and they used information as a trading commodity to make a profit off of.