America, your new home

America the land of the free, home of the brave

By: Caroline Clark, 8th American History

Top 10

1. Religious Freedom- A group of Puritans who disagreed with the Anglican Church. In their practices there was a king who was the head. A group of Puritan pilgrims wanted freedom to practice their beliefs, but still wanted to be loyal to England.

2. The Mayflower Compact- A compact that was drafted by Puritans before departing the Mayflower stating that the people who sign this precursor will stay loyal to England.

3.  Squanto- Squanto was a member of the Native American Wampanoag tribe. He taught the colonists how to hunt, fish, and how to survive of the land.

4. Protestant Reformation- the church started to separate between Catholics and protestants. This was lead by Martin Luther King who.

5. House of Burgesses- A representative government who created and rewrote laws for Jamestown. This was the first taste of Democracy for the world.  

6. French Trappers- French hunters who were known for catching beavers, and saleing them in French markets.  

7. The Aztecs- were a group of very religious people who would do anything to please their gods.

8. The Incas- known as land with four corners. Incans connected many roads with the cities, allowing trade and communication. The Incas were conquered by the Spanish.

9. Martin Luther- The leader of the Protestant Reformation. Known for nailing up 95 things that are wrong with the Church.

10. Christopher Columbus- from Spain, was trying to go to Asia, but ended up in the Bahamas.

Timeline

Christopher Columbus sails the ocean blue- 1492

Martin Luther posted the 95 theses on the church door- 1517

Hernan Cortez overtakes the Aztecs- 1521

England became a protestant nation- 1534

First southeast United States expedition- 1541

The Incans were conquered by the Spanish- 1572

Henry Hudson explore New York, and New Jersey- 1609

House of Burgesses was created- 1619

The Mayflower set sail to Jamestown- 1620

The French and Indian war begins- 1754

England won the war, and King George the third created the Royal Proclamation- 1763

Martin Luther, the man who made a change.  

Martin Luther, born in 1483 from his parent Hans and Margarrete Luther. Mr. Luther is known for starting the Protestant Reformation in the 1600s. He questioned the ways of the Roman Catholics beliefs.

When he just seven years old he left to Mansfeld and other schools to continue. He kept up his work until 1505 when he had an life-changing experience. Martin was caught in a very strong thunderstorm and was very scared. During this he prayed to his saint, and said that he will become a monk if he is saved.

So, he did just that. His father didn't approve of him becoming a monk though. But, Martin Luther kept his promise and went through several tough years of monastery. Eventually he became a theology professor.

In 1517 Martin Luther was very angry with the Church and ending up nailing 95 theses to the Church's door. He meant for his theses to make a debate about their faith, but it did just the opposite. Within two months Martin's theses spread all of Europe.

  The next year, the pope ordered that Martin Luther to deny that he meant what he wrote. But, instead Luther said he wouldn't. From there on out he ended up with his own belief Church called Lutheranism.

Freedom to believe
1619

William Bradford is leading a group of Puritans who want freedom to practice their own beliefs. They are from the Anglican Church and don't like the criticism they are currently receiving.

In 1620 this group will be setting sail on the Mayflower in search for their freedom. The Puritans have told us though that they are going to still remain loyal to England no matter what.

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The Puritans have arrived! They landed a little ways from the Virginia company. Together the Puritans made a compact that states everyone will remain loyal as well as pass laws that are good for everyone.

William Bradford

 William and Alice Bradford gave birth to a son named William Bradford on March 19th, 1590. When William was just one year old his dad died, so his grandfather took the role of his dad until he was six years old and ended up dying. The next year his mother died. So he and his sister, Alice, both became orphans until his Uncle Robert took them in.

  In December of 1613 William Bradford married Dorothy May and together they had their first child John. But three days before their 10 year anniversary Dorothy drowned. After this heart breaking catastrophe Mr. Bradford married Alice Southworth in 1623 at Plymouth. Alice then gave birth to William, Mercy, and Joseph.

William Bradford was known for being the leader of planning the trip on the Mayflower. Not only that but when they arrived he was elected the governor of Plymouth for many consecutive years. William also wrote a story about his experience of Plymouth.

  On May 9th, 1657 William died at the age of 68.

Old fashion apple-pie

CRUST

  1. 2 1/2 cups all-purpose flour, plus more for rolling
  2. 1 teaspoon salt
  3. 2 sticks unsalted butter, cut into 1/2-inch dice and chilled
  4. 1/4 cup ice water

FILLING

  1. 3 pounds apples, such as Pink Lady, Golden Delicious, Cortland or Jonathan—peeled, cored and sliced 1/4 inch thick
  2. 1 cup sugar
  3. 1/3 cup all-purpose flour
  4. 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
  5. 1/4 teaspoon freshly grated nutmeg
  6. Pinch of salt
  7. 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
  8. 2 tablespoons unsalted butter, cut into small dice
  9. 1 large egg, beaten
  10. 2 tablespoons turbinado sugar, for sprinkling
  1. In a food processor, combine the flour and salt. Add the butter and pulse in 1-second bursts until the mixture resembles coarse meal. Drizzle the ice water over the dough and pulse in 1-second bursts until it just comes together. Turn the dough out onto a work surface, gather any crumbs and pat it into 2 disks. Wrap the disks in plastic and refrigerate until chilled, about 30 minutes.
  2. Preheat the oven to 425°. On a floured work surface, roll out 1 disk of the dough to a 12-inch round, a scant 1/4 inch thick. Ease the dough into a 9- to 10-inch deep-dish glass pie plate. Roll out the second disk of dough to a 12-inch round. Transfer to a wax paper–lined baking sheet and refrigerate.
  3. In a bowl, combine the apples with the sugar, flour, cinnamon, nutmeg and salt. Add the lemon juice and toss well. Let stand for 10 minutes, until the sugar dissolves slightly.
  4. Scrape the apples and any juices into the pie plate and dot with the butter. Cover with the top crust and gently press the edges together. Trim the overhanging dough to about 1 inch and pinch to seal. Fold the dough rim under itself and crimp decoratively. Brush the pie with the beaten egg and sprinkle with the turbinado sugar. Cut 3 small gashes in the top of the pie to vent the steam.
  5. Bake the pie on the lowest shelf of the oven for 30 minutes. Lower the oven temperature to 365° and bake the pie for 45 to 50 minutes longer, until the fruit juices are bubbling through the steam vents and the crust is deeply golden on the top and bottom; cover the pie loosely with foil halfway through baking to keep it from getting too dark. Transfer the pie to a rack and let cool for at least 2 hours before serving.

a little bit of everything

1 America

2 parts of the church

3 explorers of America

4 major civilizations

6 regions

8 foods in the first Thanksgiving

35 pilgrims on the Mayflower

95 theses that Martin Luther gave the Church

140 people attended the first Thanksgiving

144 people established Jamestown

Map of Christopher Columbus' route

Christopher Columbus had many voyages in the late 1400s early 1500s. Even though his goal was to make it to Asia he still made a difference in the world. Columbus' first voyage was actually given to him because he kept on getting rejected by sponsors.This was when he found the Bahamas thinking that it was Asia. On his third voyage in 1498 Christopher Columbus devastating many native people. Their homes were destroyed and he took them as slaves. Christopher didn't get away with it. A governor sent him back to Spain in handcuffs.  

Sources

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