Finland

By: Jacob C

In the above picture the blue cross on the flag stands for the blue skies and all of the lakes that are scattered across the country, while the white stands for the snow that covers the country in the winter.

The flag of Finland was officially adopted on May 29, 1918

Finland is located in Europe, located next to Sweden, Norway, and Russia.

Capital: Helsinki

Population: As of January 1, 2015, the population was estimated to be 5 426 162 people

Government

Finland is governed under the constitution of 2000. The president, who is the head of state, is elected by a popular vote to a six year term and is eligible for a second term. The new constitution lowered the powers of the president, who previously was responsible for foreign affairs. Legislation is enacted by the unicameral Parliament whose 200 members are elected to four-year terms by a system of proportional representation. Administratively the country is divided into six provinces.

This is president Sauli Niinisto

Population

Death Rate & Birth Rate

The population of Finland will be increased by 11 people daily in 2015.

As of January 1, 2015, the population of Finland was estimated to be 5 426 162 people in the country. This is an increase of 4 067 people. In 2014 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 705. Due to a large number of immigration, the population increased by 3 362. The gender ratio of the total population was 0.964 (964 males per 1 000 females)  which is lower than global gender ratio. The global gender ratio in the world was approximately 1 016 males to 1 000 females as of 2014.

Native Language

Finland has 2 native languages. Of the two official languages of Finland, Finnish is the first language spoken by about 93% of the country's 5 million people . The other official language, Swedish, is spoken by around 6% of the population. The people who speak Swedish live in the northern part of Finland by Sweden.

Northern Lights

For most people, seeing the Northern Lights is a once in a lifetime chance. Finland is perhaps the top country in the world for seeing the beautiful lights twinkle across the sky. Although, at times, the lights can be seen even in the southern most regions of the nation, the best place to see them is in Lapland, Finland.

Vaasa

Established in the 1300s, Vaasa was an important town in the time that Sweden ruled Finland. The original town burned down in 1852 and was relocated six kilometers northwest near a better harbor. The ruins of the old city are now a giant park that is well worth the visit. The town is about 34 percent Swedish-speaking and retains many ties to Sweden. Surrounded by a wide range of cafes, restaurants, and shops, the large market place is the center of city life. Vaasa also claims to be the sunniest town in all of Finland. This peaceful town offers plenty of attractions. Visitors can walk along the waterfront, which begins in front of the town and extends for miles along the coast. There are many, many, many, many more attractions.

Imports&
Exports

Top 5 Products exported by Finland, Refined Petroleum (10%), Kaolin Coated Paper (7.4%), Large Flat-Rolled Stainless Steel (4.2%), Uncoated Paper (2.5%), and Sawn Wood (2.1%)

Top 5 Products imported by Finland, Crude Petroleum (12%), Refined Petroleum (5.0%), Cars (3.5%), Packaged Medicament (2.6%), and Computers (2.2%)

Top 5 Export destinations of Finland, Sweden (11%), Germany (9.3%), Russia (9.0%), United States (6.8%), and Netherlands (6.0%)

Top 5 Import origins of Finland, Russia (16%), Germany (13%), Sweden (10%), China (8.3%), and Netherlands(5.6%)

Finland is the top exporter of Kaolin Coated Paper, Vegetable Parchment, Wood Tar, Oils and Pitch, and Iron Pyrites.

Latitude &
Longitude

64.0000° N, 26.0000° E

Physical
Geography

Finland is a mostly flat land, with more than 70% of it covered by thick forest. In the southern areas, water seems a more common sight than land as countless clear water lakes are everywhere. In this land of lakes, the largest include Nasijarv, Oulujarvi, Paijanne, Pielinen and Finland's largest, Lake Saimaa. With a few exceptions, the balance of Finland's lakes are on the small side. Finland's most significant rivers include the Kemi, Luiro, Muonio, Oulu, Teno and Torne. Numerous canals flow lake to lake in the south. The largest, the Saimaa Canal, connects Lake Saimaa with the Gulf of Finland.

Timeline

Websites Used