The world in 1450: Changing balance of world power.
As China’s power declined in the East there was a rise of power in the West, and with the new surge in the West new technological advances came about, and exploration became prominent.
Key changes in the Middle East
- Turks conquered Constantinople
- Falling byzantine and Islamic caliphates
- Changed into Manor styled society
- Mongols had power throughout middle east and Asia
- Chinese peasant revolts started the Ming Dynasty; unrest all throughout.
- China flourished through trade; pushed out Mongols
The rise of the west
- Europe rises to power through Renaissance
- Medieval culture transformed; new gains through innovation; trade, culture, cities flourished
- Contact with Asia introduced new govt. and scientific ideas
- Bubonic plague
- Church gradually fell
- Futile monarchy strengthened
- Europe dependent on gold because of Asian trade
- Inquisition in Spain and Portugal
Western expansion: the experimental phase
- Advancement in technology lead to more exploration
- Spain and Portugal began expanding into newly discovered places.
Outside the world network
- Europeans employed new technologies to explore; Americas experienced breakdown