Post Classical Asia
What was the Post Classical Asia?
It was an era following the downfall of the Han dynasty . The empires that followed had spread religion throughout most of Asia and some of Europe. The Tang, Song, Yuan, and Ming empire all implemented new innovations to what made an empire. Whether it was a new political system, new religious beliefs, or new military systems, Post Classical Asia was full of Dynasties that learned from previous empires' mistakes.
Essential question: How did Post Classical Asia contribute to what Asia is today?
The Tang Dynasty(618CE-970CE)
The Tang Dynasty came into play after the fall of the sui dynasty due to chaos. rebellions by peasants helped end the Sui dynasty. Taiyuan - Li Yuan raised an army in Taiyuan and they captured the city chang`an. They implemented a complex government, which had an imperial examination system. This gave the lower class a chance to become an officer of the court. Also during this time period, gun powder was discovered and used for fireworks. Medicine was also studied during this dynasty and the discoveries helped us to be where we are today. Art and creative writing influenced people of the Tang Dynasty which caused a revolt against the government.
The Sung Dynasty (907–1276 CE)
A general named Zhou Kuangyin launched a mutiny in Chenqiao County. He forced the emperor of the Zhou Dynasty to give up his throne making himself emperor. he then developed the northern song, making himself the first emperor of the song. Him and his brother caused chaos throughout ten of the states and unified most of China. During this dynasty, Confucianism flourished and trade became more of a factor in the economy. Towards the end of this dynasty, the Mongols became a factor when they attacked China and ended the Sung Dynasty.
The Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368 CE)
The Yuan Dynasty, or better known as the mongols, were the outcome of one man uniting all the internal tribes. With Genghis Khan as their leader, they conquered almost all of China and in 1271 formally called themselves the Yuan. The Yuan had an economy based mainly off of Agriculture as they were a good source for such things. Note that this was the time when the Silk Road started to flourish which contributed to the expansion/spread of the Yuan Dynasty. The fall of the Yuan dynasty happened when Zhu Yuanzhang captured the capital and took down the mongols with his rebel army.
The Ming Dynasty (1368–1644 CE)
The Ming dynasty came about from an uprising of peasants against the government. Zhu Yuanzhang a local peasant joined the rebellion, and after the death of the general, he took control and continued on his plan to take over china. once he declared himself emporer he implemented policies to reduce the peasants burden. The Ming were also the ones who created the great wall of china. More medicine discoveries were also made during this time period.
Quiz yourself over this information at: http://quizlet.com/_129oxk
Critical thinking question: How did Genghis Khan's rule influence Post Classical Asia?
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- "The Mongols! - Mrs. Leyendecker - Tackk." The Mongols! - Mrs. Leyendecker - Tackk. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.
- "China Song Dynasty (960-1279): Emperors, Achievements." China Song Dynasty (960-1279): Emperors, Achievements. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
- "China Tang Dynasty (618-907): Establishment, Glorious Period, Decline." China Tang Dynasty (618-907): Establishment, Glorious Period, Decline. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
- "Ming Dynasty in China History: Economy, Culture, Science." Ming Dynasty in China History: Economy, Culture, Science. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.