Adolf Hitler (Adolfus Jacob Hitler)
He was Baptized a Catholic, Adolf Hitler (1889–1945) was born on April 20, 1889, in the Upper Austrian border town Braun au am Inn, located approximately 65 miles east of Munich and nearly 30 miles north of Salzburg. Alois Hitler (1837–1903), was a mid-level customs official. Born out of wedlock to Maria Anna Schickelgruber in 1837, Alois Schickelgruber changed his name in 1876 to Hitler, the Christian name of the man who married his mother five years after his birth. In 1898, the Hitler family moved to Linz, the capital of Upper Austria. Seeking a career in the visual arts, Hitler fought bitterly with his father, who wanted him to enter the Habsburg civil service. Hitler lived in Vienna between (February 1908 and May 1913). He had grown up in a middle-class family, with relatively few contacts with Jewish people.
He had became the Nazi leader and creator through (1889-1945) was one of the most powerful and infamous dictators of the 20th century. After World War I, he rose to power in the National Socialist German Workers Party, taking control of the German government in 1933.His establishment of concentration camps to inter Jews and other groups he believed to be a threat to Aryan supremacy resulted in the death of more than 6 million people in the Holocaust.
His attack on Poland in 1939 started World War II, and by 1941 Germany occupied much of Europe and North Africa.
One common misunderstanding is that Hitler dictated his election by demand. Contrary to this belief Hitler earned his position with votes of the people of Germany by winning their voices along with his.Hitler was an amazing speaker. He captivated the minds, not only of his country, but of the world. He spoke from the heart, with very little training prior to his campaign and still captivated over 11,000,000 people. Below you will see a few pictures of how close he really was to his country. He was to me a very convincing man.
He made huge promises of sweeping change and reform in Deutschland if the people would follow his lead. He started up factories that had been closed for years (building military machinery) put people back to work and gave them a scapegoat for their problems. The Jews. He told them if elected he would give them hope and change. Then he burned the Reichstag building the night of the election, He was elected 'Chancellor' of Germany by one vote. President Paul Von Hindenburg died the next year, leaving Hitler in complete control of the German government.
Hitler however admitted to having no desire to ever have his own. It was said that he felt if he had children, he would be too tempted to feel disappointment in them if they did not live up to his own genius. However, more and more evidence suggests that Adolf Hitler may have father one illegitimate son during his time in France as a young German soldier. His martial life wasn't true like most. He carried on an affair with a 16-year-old girl who gave birth to a song she called Jean-Marie in 1918. Though Hitler never acknowledged the child, his affair with Charlotte Lobjoie was well-documented, including a painting of Charlotte done by Hitler and found in his residence, and Jean-Marie, who passed away in 1985 at the age of 67, was said to have born a striking resemblance to his alleged father.
"Adolf Hitler." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 05 May 2015.
The collapse of the American Wall St. stock exchange in October 1929 lent fuel to a worldwide depression, which had hit Germany especially hard. All loans to Germany from foreign countries dried up, German industrial production slumped, and millions became unemployed. Unemployment in Germany had reached 43 percent by the end of 1932. A February 1933 fire that burned the Reichstag building was blamed on a Communist. The incident was used by the Nazis to crack down on Communists in Germany. The "Enabling Act" of March 1933, passed by the Reichstag, gave Hitler legal dictatorial power for four years. President Hindenburg died on August 2, 1934. Hitler had already agreed with the cabinet that, upon Hindenburg's death, the offices of president and chancellor would be combined. Hindenburg's last wish was that, upon his death, the monarchy be restored. Hitler managed to suppress that wish and did not publish the president's will. The Nuremburg Race Laws of 1935 deprived Jews of all rights of citizenship. By 1938, 25 percent of German Jews had emigrated. Other victims of persecution included Slavses gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses, Communists, homosexuals, mentally handicapped persons, and political opponents. The Nazis indoctrinated German youth. Children were encouraged to turn in teachers, or even their parents, if they seemed disloyal to the Reich. The years 1930 and 1931 had been good for Hitler politically. The Nazis were now the second largest political party in Germany. Hitler had become a best-selling author, with Mein Kampf selling over 50,000 copies, bringing him a nice income. The Nazi Party also had fancy new headquarters in Munich called the Brown House. Money was flowing in from German industrialists who saw the Nazis as the wave of the future. They invested in Hitler in the hope of getting favors when he came to power. Their money was used to help pay the growing numbers of salaried Nazis and fuel Goebbels' propaganda machine. Hitler installed former SA leader, Ernst Röhm, as the new leader to reorganize and settle down the SA,now numbering over 60,000 members. The SA, however, and its leadership would remain a problem for years for Hitler, culminating in a major crisis a few years down the road.
Hitler had repaired to his bunker on January 16, after deciding to remain in Berlin for the last great siege of the war. Fifty-five feet under the chancellery (Hitler’s headquarters as chancellor), the shelter contained 18 small rooms and was fully self-sufficient, with its own water and electrical supply. He left only rarely (once to decorate a squadron of Hitler Youth) and spent most of his time micromanaging what was left of German defenses and entertaining such guests as Hermann Goering, Heinrich Himmler, and Joachim von Ribbentrop. At his side were Eva Braun, whom he married only two days before their double suicide, and his dog, an Alsatian named Blondi.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, n.d. Web. 06 May 2015.