S.S. CE Review

Democrocy: Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives

Direct Democrocy:

~All citizens participate in government

~There are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything

Ex: Switzerland

Representative Democrocy:  

~all citizens participate in government

~People elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizens

~Representatives answer to the people through regular elections

Ex: America

Autocracy: A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc.

Monarchy:

~Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!

~Leaders usually gain their power because their parents were rulers too.

Ex: Spain

Dictatorship:

~power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political)

~power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political)

Ex: North Korea

Oligarchy:

~“Rule by few”

~Power can be based on several things:

      Military strength = Military Junta

      Family power = Aristocracy

      Religious control = Theocratic Oligarchy

Theocracy:

~“Theo” means “god” in Greek if a government is THEO-cratic that means it is ruled by! A god or higher power!

~Leaders (autocratic or oligarchic) are usually religious leaders and society uses religious law to settle its disputes

Ex: The Islamic Republic of Iran

Anarchy:

~no government at all

~no one makes the laws.

Ex: Somaliahttps://tackk.com/fqhh1x

Communism:

~the government has complete controlof everything

~everyone is the same