Why is this important in today's society?

Botox, the cosmetic form of botulinum toxin, is a prescription medicine that relaxes muscles and is used to temporarily reduce and improve the look of crow's feet lines and frown lines between the eyebrows and wrinkle lines on the forehead in adults (BOTOX® Cosmetic). The toxin blocks the nerve impulses and temporarily paralyzes the muscles that cause wrinkles (Botox Injections). Studies have also suggested that Botox is effective in relieving migraine headaches, excessive sweating and muscle spasms in the neck and eyes (Botox Injections). It is also claimed to treat bladder issues (Nichols, H.).

Due to the overwhelming pressure by society to reach and maintain physical perfection, this is a very common usage for many age groups that have visible wrinkle lines in these areas. It is also said to reduce the formation of wrinkles if used by younger adults (Botox Chicago).

This video is a small interview with Dr. Leon Forester Tcheupdjian, a specialized cosmetic surgeon at The Liposuction and Cosmetic Surgery Institute (Botox Chicago). He discusses how Botox works and shows him injecting a few patients with the Botox.  

The Works of Botox

Botulinum toxin in its inactive state, Clostridium botulinum organism and its spores, are found in all parts of nature such as forests, soils, and untreated waters (Nichols, H.). It is a bacterium that could also be found in intestinal tracts of mammals and fish. As these bacterial cells grow, they overpopulate and die, producing the neurotoxin that causes botulism, a serious illness that causes paralysis (Nichols, H.).

The botulinum toxin is used by diluting its powdered form in saline and injecting it directly into neuromuscular tissue (Nichols, H.). When the Botox is injected into the muscle, it prevents the release of acetylcholine, a chemical messenger that attaches to the receptors on the muscle cells and causes the muscle cells to contract or shorten (Nichols, H.). This leaves the muscles with no instructions to contact, in other words, paralyzing them and allowing the muscles to become less stiff (Nichols, H.).

Pros and Cons of Botox


- Reduction of wrinkles in forehead and at the corner of eyes

-Prevention of future wrinkles

-Relieves migraines

-Stops excessive sweating and muscle spasms in the neck and eyes

-Treats bladder issues


-Problems swallowing, speaking, or breathing

-Loss of strength and all-over muscle weakness

-Double vision, blurred vision and drooping eyelids

-Hoarseness or change or loss of voice, trouble saying words clearly

Where to find information

Information on Botox can be found online. You can also ask your doctor or a cosmetic surgeon.  


Botox Chicago - Chicago Botox - (n.d.). Retrieved April 19, 2015, from

BOTOX® Cosmetic (onabotulinumtoxinA). (n.d.). Retrieved April 19, 2015, from

Botox Injections. (n.d.). Retrieved April 19, 2015, from

Nichols, H. (n.d.). What is botox? How does botox work? Retrieved April 19, 2015, from

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