Jeremiah Mallari

Mrs. McDougall

ECJ CA (5)

8 May 2015


The Conflict: Boko Haram

Nigeria currently faces a conflict against the Boko Haram. The Boko Haram is a militant Islamist group. They have caused havoc in Africa's most populous country through a wave of bombings, assassinations and abductions. They are fighting to overthrow the government and create an Islamic state.

"haram" translate as forbidden, meaning Muslims can not take part in any political or social activity associated with Western society. This includes voting in elections, wearing shirts and trousers or receiving a secular education. One of their main goals is to oppose and remove all western education. Their military operations launched in 2009 and every since then Nigeria has been plunged into chaos. They became a designated terrorist group by the United States in 2013.

Boko Haram depicts the Nigerian state being ruled by non-believers, even when the country had a Muslim president. The Boko Haram have extended its military campaign by targeting neighbouring states. Their reach has extended all the way to countries such as Niger and Cameroon.  There are constant terrorist attacks in Nigeria and many people are killed in the chaos. Just recently, a few hundred girls were rescued from the Boko Haram. The Nigerian army continues to combat these foes and Nigeria is still trying to establish order, but the Boko Haram seem to be getting stronger and there is no other choice for peace but to engage in war.

Efforts For Peace

So far, the only efforts to resolve this conflict is to use the Nigerian army to combat these forces. They are dispatched to try and hopefully take out all major groups of the Boko Haram. This is ineffective because the Boko Haram is rooted in poverty in Nigeria. People join the Boko Haram because they have been manipulated into believing it will provide them with the stability they need to survive. Without education, people are more prone to jointing the cause.

Chothia, Farouk. "Who Are Nigeria's Boko Haram Islamists?" BBC News. N.p., 4 May 2015. Web. 08 May 2015.

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