Important Milestones By The End Of  1  year

By: Christian Rey Riojas

Social and Emotional Milestone

Babies learn to imitate facial expressions   Long before they can speak clearly, babies understand the general meaning of what you're saying. They also absorb emotional tone. Encourage baby's early attempts to communicate with you with loving attention:

  • Smile often at your baby, especially when he is cooing, gurgling, or otherwise vocalizing with baby talk.
  • Look at your baby as he or she babbles and laughs, rather than looking away, interrupting, or talking with someone else.
  • Be patient as you try to decode your infant's baby talk and nonverbal communication, like facial expressions, gurgling, or babbling sounds that could signal either frustration or joy.
  • Make time to give your baby lots of loving attention, so he can "speak" to you with his or her baby talk, even when you're busy with other tasks.

Cognitive Milestone

You now have a real explorer on your hands as baby's motor development allows him to get up and get around. From 6 to 7 months, two important skills crawling and learning to pick up objects with the thumb and forefinger your baby should become more curious and begin to explore more with their hands and begin to use things correctly ex: cups

Language Milestone

Babies should begin to respond to simple verbal requests around the 9-10th month age After 9 months, babies can understand a few basic words like "no" and "bye-bye." They also may begin to use a wider range of consonant sounds and tones of voice. Most babies say a few simple words like "mama" and "dadda" by the end of 12 months -- and now know what they're saying. They respond to -- or at least understand, if not obey -- your short, one-step requests such as, "Please put that down."

Movement Milestone

Most babies learn to crawl between the ages of 7 and 10 months. Your baby may opt for another method of locomotion around this time, though – like bottom shuffling (scooting around on her bottom, using a hand behind and a foot in front to propel herself), slithering on her stomach, or rolling across the room.

Don't worry about her style – it's getting mobile that's important, no matter how your baby does it. Some babies don't crawl and move directly to pulling up, standing, cruising.

Hand and Finger Skills

As a newborn, your baby has an innate ability to grasp objects, but it will take him at least a year to develop the coordination to pick up and hold things securely in his hands. He'll start working intensively on this skill by 3 months and make leaps with each passing month.  However by 9 to 10 months of age With little effort, your baby can pick up objects now. And her preference for her left or right hand is emerging, though you won't be able to determine true left- or right-handedness until she's 2 or 3 years old.

She's also perfecting her pincer grasp, which lets her pick up small objects between her thumb and forefinger.

With her increased coordination, she'll soon be able to use a spoon and fork fairly well at mealtime, though she may prefer to hold the utensil in one hand while using her fingers to actually eat. You'll probably have to help her hold the spoon or fork when you show her how to use it, but she'll get the hang of it more quickly if you let her give it a few tries at every meal.