Social Studies Common Exam Review

A monarchy is a form of government in which  is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication. They are called the monarchs. Forms of monarchy differ widely based on the level of legal autonomy the monarch holds in governance, the method of selection of the monarch, and any predetermined limits on the length of their tenure.

The Polity IV project also listed Cuba, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Eritrea, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, China, Vietnam and Laos as having the most authoritarian governments, as of 2013. These countries' forms of government can all be formally defined as something other than a dictatorship, however. Labeling a country as a dictatorship can be difficult as a country almost nevera system of government in which priests rule in the name of self-identifies as such, and there is no universally accepted definition of the term.

dictatorship is a country governed by a dictator.

Theocracy is a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.

oligarchy is a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution.

anarchy is a state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority.