Change & Continuity in the United States Between 1998-2015

Although the ideas of war and civil rights continued between 1998-2015, the idea of moving forward as a country fostered change in the United States during that time period. Change came with advancements of technology, political figures, progressing popular culture, and dramatic changes to America's role in the world.

Document A:

Bill Clinton

January 26, 1998

"Bill Clinton Response to Lewinsky Allegations"

Oral History - Speech

Politics and Power

The year of birth (1998)

Link to Source

Historical Analysis:

     "I did not have sexual relations with that women, Ms. Lewinsky", this infamous line spoken on January 26, 1998 by current President Bill Clinton was in response to rumors and allegations of a sexual affair between the president and young intern Monica Lewinsky. Clinton, apart of the democratic party, was currently attempting to handle one of the biggest scandals the white house had faced at that time. While speaking, President Clinton intended to address the people of America. He uttered, "and I need to go back to work for the American people" so his audience (Americans) understand the country's progress and his job is much more important than the "false" allegations being made.

Reflection:

     Though Clinton claimed those allegations to be false, it was later found that he in fact did have an affair with Lewinsky. After the revealing the truth of his personal life, Clinton was forced to suffer the backlash of his mistakes. Three years into his second term as President, Clinton became the second president to get impeached out of office. This had greatly effected politics and power because it changed the values of the political system. Originally, the President was suppose to be viewed as a traditional person. But after the these accusations, presidents were then viewed as typical. Also, after having a democratic president in the United States, citizens then turned toward a republican, George W. Bush, to lead their country

Document B:

David Brink

September 11, 2001

"Firefighter Gloves from 9/11 Attack"

Artifact

America in the World

Year after birth to end of elementary school (2001)

Link to Source

Historical Analysis:

     September 11, 2001 remains a day to be remembered forever in American history. On this day, over 3,000 people died just for one attack. In memory of those people and the attack on the Twin Towers, the 9/11 Memorial Museum was established. David Brink, former firefighter, donated gloves he used on the day of the terrorist attack. These gloves are to "reflect what it  was like to be trapped in the huge black cloud created by the destruction of the skyscrapers". Brink's motive behind donating these gloves could be to keep the memory of those who died alive in all our hearts today. By donating these gloves Brink was able to share his experience and add to the collection of artifacts in the museum to tell a story of what happened that day.

Reflection:

     After the attack on the Twin Towers, President Bush declared foreign wars. This affected America's role in the world because of it attacking different Middle Eastern countries. Because of 9/11, the America became involved in the War on Terror. The Middle East impacted most from America's involvement in the War on Terror because of the rebellions that took place after U.S military operations that were established there. Attempts at dismantling the al-Qaeda resulted in a war that lasted over a decade. Because of the 9/11 attack, the U.S was forced to involve its military in international affairs and foreign conflicts.

Document C:

Steve Jobs

June 29, 2007

"Steve Jobs Introducing the iPhone"

Visual Material

Work, Exchange, and Technology

Year after birth to end of elementary school (2007)

Link to Source

Historical Analysis:

     In 2007 Steve Jobs once again revolutionized the way we look at technology. In his most famous introduction to the people, Jobs launches the most up to date technological advancement Apple had created at the time; the iPhone. He reveal the iPhone by describing it as a combination of  "the iPod, a phone, and an internet communications device". Jobs' intention behind creating this device was to reinvent the idea of a smartphone. He claimed he wanted to create an easy to use phone that was still "smart". Through the revealing of the phone, not only did Jobs convince his audience to buy the new iPhone, he always showed them a new way of thinking.

Reflection:

     Along with introducing the a new product, Steve Jobs managed to introduce a new era of technology. Jobs also managed to contribute to the change in work, exchange, and technology in the United States. Apple was the first company to create a touch screen smartphone, which created competition for all other smartphones on the market. Jobs claimed that the iPhone was five years ahead in technology and software. This affected other companies by them attempting to create something more ahead of its time than the iPhone. The creation of this device also allowed a need for more labor, specifically computer engineers, to manage the iOS and create further updates.

Document D:

Brian Montopoli

October 21, 2011

"Obama Announces End of Iraq War"

Texts (Printed or Published)

America in the World

Middle School (2011)

Link to Source

Historical Analysis:

     Obama declares end to combat operations in Iraq after many years America had invested in the Middle East. The Iraq war had initially began because of armed conflict in Iraq. Prior to the war, United States and United Kingdom claimed that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction that put the people in danger. Saddam Hussein was then killed by an invasion of America, England, Australia, and Poland to Iraq. The conflict continued for about a decade after this till President Obama made an announcement to withdraw American troops from Iraq. He officially notifies Americans of this decision in the White House briefing room. The CBS article written by Brian Montopoli was created in order to inform Americans of this new resolution between America and Iraq. The article gives a full summary of the announcement President Obama made in the White House briefing room.

Reflection:

     The withdrawal of American troops from Iraqi soil affects the thematic objective of america in the world. Because President Obama decided to not further conflict with the Middle East, the development of both American and international societies and economies were positively affected. President Obama claimed that him and Prime Minister Maliki of Iraq are working on ways to "help Iraq train and equip its forces, again, just as we offer training and assistance to countries around the world". This is an example of how the United States influenced U.S military, diplomatic, and economic involvement in international affairs and foreign conflicts.

Document E:

Jonathan Amos

August 6, 2012

"NASA's Curiosity Rover Successfully Lands on Mars"

Texts (Printed or Published)

Work, Exchange, and Technology

Middle School (2012)

Link to Source

Historical Analysis:

     During the summer of 2012, NASA was able to successfully land the Curiosity rover on  planet Mars. For two years, this rover will search Mars in attempt to find evidence to support the idea that their was once life this planet. The article created by BBC news writer Jonathan Amos served the purpose to be an informing source. The article gives a minute by minute explanation about what is happening to rover during the 13 minute stressful time period for the engineers and scientists while it is taking off.

Reflection:

      The landing of the Curiosity rover helped create a major advancement in technology. The possibility of their being life on other planets shows how Americans have progressed from the first man on the moon. Historians would use this source in the future to possibly recreate experiments for finding life on different planets. Also, if signs of life happen to show on Mars, historians would be able to trace the rover as the starting point of the success. Technology will continue to foster change and it will progress after more information is found about Mars.

Document F:

Robin Thicke, T.I, and Pharell Williams

March 20, 2013

"Blurred Lines"

Music

Culture

High School (2013)

Link to Source

Historical Analysis:

  From the end to 30 Rock to Beyoncé's famous Super Bowl performance 2013 was a year with major influences and changes in popular culture. One major popular culture event was the release of Robin Thicke's song "Blurred Lines". This sexist song hit over 300 million views on YouTube. Though Thicke intended for this song to be taken lightly, it brought out voices of women who felt this song was male chauvinist related because of its offensive lyrics. The Guardian declared this song as the most controversial song of the decade. Thicke intended for teens and adults to listen to this song as a way to dance and have fun, though he failed.

Reflection:

     It seemed as thought after this song came out, many feminists spoke out with negative feelings towards it. The release of this song changed and affected the theme of culture. "Blurred Lines" changed moral, philosophical, and cultural values affected in the U.S because it brought out a greater rise in the feminist movement. The rape promoting lyrics like "I know you want it", "you're an animal, baby it's in your nature", "that man is not your maker, that's why I'm going to take you", "I hate these blurred lines", and "not many women can refuse this pimping" angered many women. Culture throughout the United States began to foster change as women were fed up with a male dominated society. "Blurred Lines" sparked the feminist flame of 2015.

Document G:

Pete Frates

August 17, 2014

"Pete's Challenge" or "ALS Ice Bucket Challenge"

Visual Materials

Culture

High School (2014)

Link to Source

Historical Analysis:

     Boston College Alumni, Pete Frates, was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) at the young age of 28. He is the creator of the famous "Pete's Challenge" or better known as the "Ice Bucket Challenge" that went viral over the summer of 2014. This challenge, that was done by celebrities like Eminem and Justin Timberlake and unexpected people like Stephen Hawking, is was one of the most talked about viral trends with almost 2.4 million videos contributing to it. Pete Frates created this video and the challenge in hopes to raise awareness of this horrible disease. Dumping a bucket of ice water was to show people without ALS how the shocks feel and have people who never heard of the disease experience how ALS victims suffer. Along with the challenge, people also made donations in hopes to find a cure. Currently, the Ice Bucket Challenge has raised over $100 million all thanks to Pete Frates and everyone that supported this trend.

Reflection:

     Moral, philosophical, and cultural values began to expand its change after this challenge was created. People became more aware of diseases that were not known to the public. Culture also continued to foster change because of how social media contributed to this challenge's success. Without social media, this challenge would not have raised as much awareness as it did. It shows how social media is a key factor in our current culture and will continue to grow to be.

Document H:

Hillary Clinton

April 12, 2015

"Hillary Clinton Presidential Campaign Announcement Tweet"

Organizational Records

Politics and Power

Current Year (2015)

Link to Source

Historical Analysis:

     Earlier this year Hillary Clinton announced she will begin campaigning to represent the democratic party in the 2016 Presidential Elections. Though many people were already expecting for her to run, this tweet confirmed it. Because the elections are only a little over one year away, Clinton starting her campaign earlier than her opponents running in the preliminaries gives her a huge advantage. Clinton is running her campaign to the average American. She claimed in her tweet, "Everyday Americans need a champion, and I want to be that champion". By directing this to "everyday Americans", Clinton allows her audience to think that she is one of them, making it easier for them to relate to her.

Reflection:

     Before President Obama entered office, a president was always pictured as a white man. Now that Obama has defied the discrepancy of an ideal race of the president, Hillary Clinton running for president while defy the gender. This tweet reflects the theme of politics and power because it shows how it is continuing to change. The role of women in the government is changing from knitting a flag to running a country. Politics and power is progressing and continuing to foster change as more diverse people influence the government and start becoming leaders.