Marissa Roberts <3

History:

-In 1908, Eugen Bleuler coined the word "autism" in schizophrenic patients who screened themselves off and were self-absorbed line!

- In 1943, the American child psychiatrist Leo Kanner described 11 children with the following common traits: impairments in social interaction, anguish for changes, good memory, belated echolalia, over sensitivity to certain stimuli (especially sound), food problems, limitations in spontaneous activity, good intellectual potential, often coming from talented families. He called the children autistic.

-In 1944, Hans Asperger, independent of Kanner, wrote about a group of children he called autistic psychopaths. In most aspects they resembled the children of Kanner's description. The difference was that he did not mention echolalia as a linguistic problem but that the children talked like little grown-ups. In addition he mentioned their motor activity which was more clumsy and different from normal children.

Facts:
-Autism now affects 1 in 88 children and 1 in 54 boys
-Autism prevalence figures are growing
-Autism is the fastest-growing serious developmental disability in the U.S.
-Autism costs a family $60,000 a year on average

Causes:
*Autism is a physical condition linked to abnormal biology and chemistry in the brain. The exact causes of these abnormalities remain unknown, but this is a very active area of research. There are probably a combination of factors that lead to autism.
*Genetic factors seem to be important. For example, identical twins are much more likely than fraternal twins or siblings to both have autism. Similarly, language abnormalities are more common in relatives of autistic children. Chromosomal abnormalities and other nervous system (neurological) problems are also more common in families with autism.

Symptoms:
-"Acts up" with intense tantrums
-Gets stuck on a single topic or task (perseveration)
-Has a short attention span
-Has very narrow interests Is overactive or very passive
-Shows aggression to others or self
-Shows a strong need for sameness
-Uses repetitive body movements
-Pretend play Social interactions
-Verbal and nonverbal communication

Treatment:
-There is no known cure for autism, there are treatment and education approaches that may reduce some of the challenges associated with the condition.
-Treatments can divided into Nonmedical Interventions, which include behavioral and educational approaches as well as sensory, communication and other interventions, and Biomedical Treatments, which include modifications in diet, addition of vitamins and minerals, gut treatments, immune system regulations and others.
-The different types of treatments can generally be broken down into the following categories:
-Behavior and Communication Approaches
-Dietary Approaches
-Medication
-Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Therapy Interventions-

-Speech Therapy

-Sensory Integration Therapy

-Occupational Therapy

-The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)

1. CDC Revises Estimate of Autism Prevalence: 1 in 88
2. Field Trials Suggest New Criteria for Diagnosing Autism ‘Reliable’
3. Deeper Understanding of Link between Chemical Pollutants and Autism
4. Hundreds of Tiny Mutations Linked to Autism
5. Insights into Immune Changes & Autism
6. Discovery of Pre-symptom Marker of Autism
7. Early Intervention Program Alters Brain Activity in Children with Autism
8. Peer Training Outperforms Traditional Autism Interventions
9. Arbaclofen Shows Promise for Treating Core Symptoms of Autism
10. Mounting Evidence of Critical Need for Adult Transition Support

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