What does India need to become a developed country?
India has a huge potential for growth. However, having the potential and actualizing it to the fullest are two distinct things, and this is where the biggest challenges lie for India. There are several steps that are required to be taken in order to get the title of India from a “developing country” to a “developed nation,” and achieve its full potential that it deserves. Otherwise, it might just remain a country with potential and not really fulfil the dreams of its citizens.
Below mentioned are some top issues faced by India which are holding it back from reaching its complete potential. Removing these problem from their roots is the only way to bring India to the level of prestige it deserves.
1. Improve governance
The governance problems faced by India stem from the inability of the government and public institutions to deliver decent services to its citizens. Without better governance, the delivery system and implementation, our country will find it really difficult to educate the citizens of India, build infrastructure, increase agricultural productivity, and ensure that the fruits of economic growth are well distributed.
2. Raise basic educational achievement
Several international observers look at education as one of the India’s biggest advantages. This being so because these observers tend to have their brush with only the best and the brightest of Indians. Though India has a heavy chunk of highly educated people, it has a population of 1.1 billion and probably the highest absolute numbers anywhere globally receiving hardly any education.
3. Child labour
Child labour is the practice of having children engage in the economic activity, on part or full-time basis. The 2001 national census of India estimated the total number of child labour, aged 5–14, to be at 12.6 million, out of a total child population of 253 million in 5–14 age group. The child labour problem is not unique to India, but prevalent worldwide—about 217 million children toil, and most of them full-time. Poverty and lack of good schools pose to be the biggest reasons causing this alarming issue of child labour in India.