The Underground railroad
I am going to be talking about the underground railroad, Harriet Tubman, and famous conductors on the underground railroad, and more. Slavery in America began when the first African slaves were brought to the North American colony of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619. But then in the early 1800s the underground railroad started and there goal was to free as many slaves as they could and they estimated that the underground railroad freed as many as 100,000 slaves.
Slaves were treated very badly they were whipped,executed, sexually abused, and sometimes they were even killed and because of this it led them to run away. Harriet Tubman helped as many as 300 slaves according to the article ¨conductor of the underground railroad¨. One time Harriet Tubman had to drug a baby to keep her quiet while they escaped. While Harriet was helping people escape she never lost one person along the way not one.
There were many conductors on the underground railroad but the ones that were known the most were William Still, William Jackson, Levi Coffin, and finally John Fairfield
William still: a free-born African American who has been called “Father of the Underground Railroad,” he recorded many first-person accounts of people who escaped from the south so he could reunite family and friends. And even one time when he was interviewing a run away slave he realized it was his brother.
William Jackson: his family were abolitionists who lived in Newton, Massachusetts. Their home was a station on the underground. Today that house is a museum.
Levi coffin: who reportedly helped many slaves and wrote stories about his efforts and those of his wife, Catharine Coffin. Some scholars believe his claims of assistance were greatly exaggerated.
John Fairfield: son of a slave-holding family, reportedly undertook many daring rescues and devised inventive ways to keep escaping slaves safe.
They estimated that all of those people assisted around 3,000 slaves!
Info about Harriet.T
1. At some point in the late 1890s, she underwent brain surgery at Boston's Massachusetts General Hospital as she was unable to sleep because of pains and "buzzing" in her head. She refused to be given anaesthesia. Instead she chewed a bullet during her surgery. She had seen the Civil War soldiers do this when their limbs had to be amputated.
2. She died on 10 March 1913 after suffering from pneumonia.
3. After the outbreak of the Civil War, Harriet Tubman became a soldier, spy and a nurse.
4. In all, Harriet is believed to have conducted approximately 300 people to freedom in the North Canadian territory over a 15 year period.
5. Harriet Tubman was a disabled person. She had Narcolepsy or sleeping spells. She could fall asleep any time and any place. This was caused by a severe blow to the head by a 2-pound iron weight thrown at another enslaved African, but it hit Harriet in the head when she was about 12 years old.
We have discovered many of the stations but we still think that there are more out there.